The Shoshone Indians, also known as the Snake Nation, occupied areas both east and west of the Rocky Mountains. Unlike the bands west of the Rockies, which lived in roofless grass huts and hunted fish, birds and rabbits, the Shoshones in the east and north lived in tepees and hunted buffalo.
Today, the Shoshone’s approximately 10,000 members primarily live on several reservations in Wyoming, Idaho, and Nevada, the largest of which is the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming.
There are nine different Shoshone tribes today. Each Shoshone tribe lives on its own reservation, which is land that belongs to them and is under their control.
It belongs to the Central Numic branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Speakers are scattered from central Nevada to central Wyoming. The largest numbers of Shoshoni speakers live on the federally recognized Duck Valley Indian Reservation, located on the border of Nevada and Idaho; and Goshute Reservation in Utah.
Famous Shoshone People include Chief Little Soldier, Chief Pocatello, Chief Bear Hunter, Chief Washakie, and the most famous of the Shoshone, Sacagawea. They are not known for their jewelry, but Shoshone artists are famous for their beautiful beadwork, woven baskets, art and paintings, including those on tanned hides.
The name may mean “high growing grass.” The Shoshone refer to themselves using several similar words that mean “people.” Other tribes and whites often referred to them as “Snake” people for two reasons: their location near the Snake River, which runs through Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the tribal warriors’ wartime
In Shoshone language, behne is a way to greet people and say hello in a friendly way.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
Shoshoni, also written as Shoshoni- Gosiute and Shoshone (/ʃoʊˈʃoʊni/; Shoshoni: Sosoni’ ta̲i̲kwappe, newe ta̲i̲kwappe or neme ta̲i̲kwappeh) is a Numic language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken in the Western United States by the Shoshone people.
The Shoshone religion is based on belief in supernatural power (boha) that is acquired primarily through vision quests and dreams.
What was the lifestyle and culture of the Shoshone tribe? The Shoshone tribe were originally hunters, fishers and seed gathers from the Great Basin cultural group of Native Indians who were closely related to the Northern Paiute people. The Great Basin social and cultural patterns were those of the non-horse bands.
The Shoshone were the first of the northern tribes to obtain horses from the Spaniards who brought horses into the area which is now the American Southwest in the 16th century. The Shoshone traded horses with the Utes and Comanche in the early seventeen hundreds.
The Wind River Indian Reservation is located in the central-western portion of the U.S. state of Wyoming, where Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho Native American tribes currently live.