Seneca, self-name Onödowa’ga:’ (“People of the Great Hill”), North American Indians of the Iroquoian linguistic group who lived in what is now western New York state and eastern Ohio.
Seneca is pronounced “SEH-neh-kah.” It comes from the name of one of their villages, Osininka. In their own language, the Senecas call themselves Onandowaga, which means “people of the mountain.” Where do the Seneca Indians live? The Senecas originally lived in New York state.
Seneca is an Iroquoian language spoken by the Seneca people, one of the members of the Iroquois Five (later, Six) Nations confederacy. It is most closely related to the other Five Nations Iroquoian languages, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk (and among those, it is most closely related to Cayuga).
Most of the remaining Iroquois, except for the Oneida of Wisconsin and the Seneca-Cayuga of Oklahoma, are in New York; the Onondoga reservation there is still the capital of the Iroquois Confederacy. Large numbers of Iroquois in the United States live in urban areas rather than on reservations.
Learning the Seneca Indian Language Nya:wëh sgë:nö’ (nyah-weh-sgeh-noh) Hello.
Gai’wiio, ( Seneca: “Good Message”) also called Longhouse Religion, new religious movement that emerged among the Seneca Indians of the northeastern United States, one of the Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, in the early 19th century.
The name Seneca is a boy’s name of Latin origin meaning “people of the standing rock”.
Cornplanter, also called John O’Bail, O’Bail also spelled O’Beel, or Abeel, (born c. 1732, New York? [ U.S. ]—died February 18, 1836, Warren county, Pennsylvania, U.S. ), Seneca Indian leader who aided white expansion into Indian territory in the eastern United States.
The Seneca are also known as the “Keeper of the Western Door,” for the Seneca are the westernmost of the Six Nations. But the Seneca were also renowned for their sophisticated skills at diplomacy and oratory and their willingness to unite with the other original five nations to form the Iroquois Confederacy of Nations.
I say to you all, “Nya:wëh sgë:nö'” (pronounced nyah-weh-sgeh-noh), which translates literally to “I am thankful you are well” and is a common greeting in Seneca.
They were removed to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River in the 1830s. Many Seneca and other Iroquois migrated into Canada during and after the Revolutionary War, where the Crown gave them land in compensation for what was lost in their traditional territories.
Composed of eight clans – Turtle, Bear, Wolf, Beaver, Snipe, Heron, Deer and Hawk – the Seneca are said to have been released by the Creator from beneath a mountain and prospered as the People of the Great Hill.
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.
The Seven Nations were located at Lorette, Wolinak, Odanak, Kahnawake, Kanesetake, Akwesasne and La Présentation. Sometimes the Abenaki of Wolinak and Odanak were counted as one nation and sometimes the Algonquin and the Haudenosaunee ( Iroquois ) at Kanesetake were counted as two separate nations.
Iroquois people still exist today. There are approximately 28,000 living in or near reservations in New York State, and approximately 30,000 more in Canada (McCall 28). Iroquois Indians became known for their light foot and fearlessness in bridge constructuion, and helped build the bridge over the St.