Sauk, also spelled Sac, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian tribe closely related to the Fox and the Kickapoo. They lived in the region of what is now Green Bay, Wis., when first encountered by the French in 1667. Sauk and Fox Indians, painting by Karl Bodmer, c.
Today they have three federally recognized tribes, together with the Meskwaki (Fox), located in Iowa, Oklahoma and Kansas.
The mythology of the Sauk is rich with fables of anthropomorphic beasts and beings. The principal myth is concerned with the god of life, called Nanabozho by cognate tribes, with the flood, and with the restoration of the earth. The Sauk had numerous ceremonies, social and religious. Some of these they still retain.
The 6 Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy Mohawk. The Mohawk, or Kanien’kehá:ka (“People of the Flint”), were the easternmost people of the early Iroquois Confederacy. Oneida. For most of the historic era, the Oneida lived in a single village near Lake Oneida in north-central New York state. Onondaga. Cayuga. Seneca. Tuscarora.
The two tribes eventually retreated from the colonial front by moving from what is now Wisconsin to Illinois and then Iowa. They moved to Kansas in 1842, and in 1857 some returned to Iowa. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated more than 6,500 Fox descendants, most living in Iowa, Kansas, and Oklahoma.
What food did the Fox tribe eat? The food of the Fox Northeast Woodland people were fish and small game including squirrel, deer, elk, raccoon, bear and beaver. The food of the Fox people who inhabited the Great Plains region was predominantly buffalo but also they also hunted deer, bear and wild turkey.
Black Hawk was born in Saukenuk, Illinois. A member of the ” Sauk ” (present-day Sac & Fox) tribe, he belonged to the Thunder Clan.
Cherokee, North American Indians of Iroquoian lineage who constituted one of the largest politically integrated tribes at the time of European colonization of the Americas. Their name is derived from a Creek word meaning “people of different speech”; many prefer to be known as Keetoowah or Tsalagi.
Mesquakie-Sauk ( Sac and Fox ) Language: Mesquakie-Sauk is an Algonquian language spoken by about 800 Indians, mostly Fox, in the American Midwest. The two dialects, Mesquakie (spoken by the Meskwaki, or Fox) and Sauk (spoken by the Asakiwaki, or Sac ), are mutually intelligible.
Sac and Fox women wore wraparound skirts. Sac and Fox men wore breechclouts and leggings. Here is a website with Native breechclout pictures. Shirts were not necessary in the Sac and Fox culture, but people wore ponchos when the weather was cool.
The misnomer ” Sac and Fox ” is a historical accident, a conflation of ” Sac ” (Sauk), or Thâkîwaki (“people coming forth [from the outlet],” i.e., “from the water”), and ” Fox,” or Meskwâki (“people of the red earth”) misapplied by the U.S. government during treaty negotiations in 1804.
: a member of an American Indian people formerly living in what is now Wisconsin.
Allen, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income in the country. Extreme poverty rates on the ten largest reservations.
|Reservation||Location||Extreme Poverty Rate|
|Standing Rock Indian Reservation||South Dakota and North Dakota||16.6|
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, 78% of whom live outside reservations: California, Arizona and Oklahoma have the largest populations of Native Americans in the United States.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs uses a blood quantum definition—generally one-fourth Native American blood —and/or tribal membership to recognize an individual as Native American. However, each tribe has its own set of requirements—generally including a blood quantum—for membership (enrollment) of individuals.