The name Saponi means “red earth people,” and that phrase had been used in several contexts by the Haliwa- Saponi. W. R. “Talking Eagle” Richardson led the retribalization effort among the Haliwa- Saponi. Richardson returned to North Carolina from Philadelphia in 1955 and was elected the tribe’s first chief.
For more than two centuries, the Sappony have made their home in the High Plains, an area of the central Piedmont straddling the North Carolina–Virginia border.
The Haliwa – Saponi is a Native American people recognized as a tribe by the state of North Carolina. They re-organized and adopted their current form of government in 1953 and were recognized in 1965 by the state of North Carolina.
The Saponi or Sappony are a Native American tribe historically based in the Piedmont of North Carolina and Virginia. They spoke the Siouan Tutelo-Saponi language, which was related to the languages of the Tutelo, Occaneechi, Monacan, Manahoac and other eastern Siouan peoples.
The Pine Ridge Reservation is home to the lowest life expectancy, and a number of the poorest communities in the United States. The average life expectancy on Pine Ridge is 66.81 years, the lowest in the United States.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
For over two centuries, the Sappony living in High Plains grew tobacco as a primary subsistence crop, as well as corn and wheat.
Haliwa – Saponi Indians eat various foods from native animals and plants. Such as prunes, raisins, corn, potatoes, chili peppers, pumpkins, cornbread, beans, peas, popcorn, and sunflower seeds.
These include the Chowanoke, Croatoan, Hatteras, Moratoc, Secotan, Weapemeoc, Machapunga, Pamlico, Coree, Neuse River, Tuscarora, Meherrin, Cherokee, Cape Fear, Catawba, Shakori, Sissipahaw, Sugeree, Waccamaw, Waxhaw, Woccon, Cheraw, Eno, Keyauwee, Occaneechi, Saponi, and Tutelo Indians.
What is the correct terminology: American Indian, Indian, Native American, or Native? All of these terms are acceptable. The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name.
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.
The Cherokee tribe is the second most common, with 285,476 Americans identifying with that group. 2010 Census Data.
They are located chiefly on the Little Coharie River, in Sampson and Harnett counties in North Carolina. The Coharie are one of seven state-recognized Native American tribes in North Carolina.