The Creeks are original residents of the American southeast, particularly Georgia, Alabama, Florida, and North Carolina. Most Creeks were forced to move to Oklahoma in the 1800’s, like other southern Indian tribes. There are 20,000 Muskogee Creeks in Oklahoma today.
Creek, Muskogean-speaking North American Indians who originally occupied a huge expanse of the flatlands of what are now Georgia and Alabama.
Formed in part originally by Creek refugees, the Seminole people today have three federally recognized tribes: the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, Seminole Tribe of Florida, and Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida.
Today, the Muscogee ( Creek ) Nation is located in Oklahoma and has land claims in the Florida panhandle. The Tribal headquarters is located in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, and the tribe has approximately 44,000 tribal members.
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They were responsible for maintaining a variety of crops and gathered fruits, herbs and roots. The staple food of the Creek Indians diet was corn. They also ate a wide variety of meats including boar, deer, bison, turkey and fish which was plentiful during the summer.
For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. The Muscogee language ( Muskogee, Mvskoke IPA: [ maskókî ] in Muscogee ), also known as Creek, is a Muskogean language spoken by Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole people, primarily in the US states of Oklahoma and Florida.
Relations with the English Soon after the establishment of South Carolina in 1670, the Creeks set up a brisk business capturing and selling Florida Indians to their new neighbors. By 1715 this segment of the trade had nearly disappeared for lack of supply and demand. Deerskins then became the main currency.
The most important Creek leader was the mico or village chief.
The Creek religion before the Europeans was mainly Protestantism, which is often used as a general term merely to signify that they are not Roman Catholics. They were a monotheistic tribe, believing in a god they called the One.
On March 27, 1814, United States forces and Indian allies under Major General Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Sticks, a part of the Creek Indian tribe who opposed American expansion, effectively ending the Creek War.
The Creeks were farming people. Creek women did most of the farming, harvesting crops of corn, beans, and squash. Creek men did most of the hunting, shooting deer, wild turkeys, and small game and fishing in the rivers and along the coast. Creek dishes included cornbread, soups, and stews cooked on stone hearths.
When the war ended in July 1836 about 2,500 Creeks, including several hundred chained warriors, were marched on foot to Montgomery and onto barges which were pushed down the Alabama River, beginning their forced removal to a new homeland in Indian Territory.
Between 1830 and 1850, about 100,000 American Indians living between Michigan, Louisiana, and Florida moved west after the U.S. government coerced treaties or used the U.S. Army against those resisting. Many were treated brutally. An estimated 3,500 Creeks died in Alabama and on their westward journey.
These homes were located in the same village. People simply moved a few feet or so to reach their seasonal home. The Creek tricked other tribes into thinking they had more people in each village than there really were. All the houses, summer and winter, were built around a huge central plaza.