The misnomer ” Sac and Fox ” is a historical accident, a conflation of ” Sac ” (Sauk), or Thâkîwaki (“people coming forth [from the outlet],” i.e., “from the water”), and ” Fox,” or Meskwâki (“people of the red earth”) misapplied by the U.S. government during treaty negotiations in 1804.
Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma is a federally recognized known as the “ Sac and Fox Tribe of Indians of the Mississippi River in Oklahoma,” and commonly known as the Sac and Fox Nation. By the 1870s, through a series of dislocations they found themselves in Indian Territory.
Sac and Fox ate foods such as corn, beans, squash, berries, fruit, honey, hunted deer and buffalo, baked soup, cornbread, and farmed. This tribe was nomadic.
The tribe has been historically located in the St. Lawrence River Valley, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missouri and Iowa. Meskwaki were called “Renards” (the Fox) by the French, but have always identified themselves as “Meskwaki”.
The two tribes eventually retreated from the colonial front by moving from what is now Wisconsin to Illinois and then Iowa. They moved to Kansas in 1842, and in 1857 some returned to Iowa. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated more than 6,500 Fox descendants, most living in Iowa, Kansas, and Oklahoma.
The weapons used by the Fox warriors included bows and arrows, spears, lances, war clubs, tomahawks and knives.
Cherokee, North American Indians of Iroquoian lineage who constituted one of the largest politically integrated tribes at the time of European colonization of the Americas. Their name is derived from a Creek word meaning “people of different speech”; many prefer to be known as Keetoowah or Tsalagi.
The Sac and Fox Nation (Mesquakie language: Thakiwaki or Sa ki wa ki) is the largest of three federally recognized tribes of Sauk and Meskwaki ( Fox ) Indian peoples. Originally from the Lake Huron and Lake Michigan area, they were forcibly relocated to Oklahoma in the 1870s and are predominantly Sauk.
Mesquakie-Sauk ( Sac and Fox ) Language: Mesquakie-Sauk is an Algonquian language spoken by about 800 Indians, mostly Fox, in the American Midwest. The two dialects, Mesquakie (spoken by the Meskwaki, or Fox) and Sauk (spoken by the Asakiwaki, or Sac ), are mutually intelligible.
The Kickapoo Indians originally lived in the Michigan and Ohio area. They fled south and west to get away from British and American aggression, settling briefly in Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin. Eventually the Americans forced some Kickapoos onto Kansas and Oklahoma reservations.
The mythology of the Sauk is rich with fables of anthropomorphic beasts and beings. The principal myth is concerned with the god of life, called Nanabozho by cognate tribes, with the flood, and with the restoration of the earth. The Sauk had numerous ceremonies, social and religious. Some of these they still retain.
What food did the Sauk tribe eat? The food of the Sauk Northeast Woodland people were fish and small game including squirrel, deer, elk, raccoon, bear and beaver. The food of the Sauk people who inhabited the Great Plains region was predominantly buffalo but also they also hunted bear, deer and wild turkey.
Iroquois, any member of the North American Indian tribes speaking a language of the Iroquoian family—notably the Cayuga, Cherokee, Huron, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, and Tuscarora.
The Meskwaki (sometimes spelled Mesquaki) are a Native American people often known by Western society as the Fox tribe. In the Meskwaki language, the Meskwaki call themselves Meshkwahkihaki, which means “the Red-Earths”, related to their creation story.