The Pipil (descendants of the Aztecs), the predominant tribe in the region prior to the Spanish conquest, named their territory and capital Cuscatlán, meaning “Land of the Jewel”; the name is still sometimes applied to El Salvador today.
Some say they were Mayan, others say they were Aztec. However, it is known that the Olmecs lived and traded in the western provinces in about 2000 BC, as evidenced by the archaeological sites which include stepped-pyramid temples, ball courts and paved plazas.
Nawat (academically Pipil, also known as Nicarao) is a Nahuan language native to Central America. It is the southernmost extant member of the Uto-Aztecan family. It was spoken in several parts of present-day Central America before the Spanish conquest, but now is mostly confined to western El Salvador.
The name ” Cuzcatlan ” comes from the Nahuatl origin “Kozkatlan” (Cozcatlan Spanish form), which is derived from “Kozkatl”, meaning “diamond” or “jewel”, and “tlan”, meaning “next to” or “in between”. Kozkatlan means “The Place of the Diamond Jewels”.
About 90 percent of Salvadorans are mestizo, descendants of Spanish and Indigenous American ancestors while nine percent have Spanish descent. Mestizo, a mixed population was formed as a result of intermarrying between the native Mesoamerican population of Cuzcatlán with the Spanish settlers.
In the early Colonial period, El Salvador was commonly known by the Pipil name of Cuscatlan. Its indigenous inhabitants were descendants of several groups of Mexican migrants who had migrated in the 11th century from the central highland plateau and the Gulf Coast region of Mexico via the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
El Salvador Ricardo Poma is one of two Salvadorans included in Forbes Mexico list of the “richest men of Central America”, published in April.
Ethnically, Salvadorans are a mix of Indigenous,African and Spanish origin.
The term is badly documented but there is a source from the war against Walker in Nicaragua. (1856) when a allied centroamerican army was formed. The salvadorans used to be reunited under the guanacaste trees. So the people start to call them ‘ guanacos ‘.
Virtually all of El Salvador’s indigenous speak Spanish as their only language. A few Pipil still speak the Nahuat language and follow traditional ways of life. The traditional groups live mainly in the south-western highlands near the Guatemalan border.
El Salvador is located in Central America. El Salvador is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, Guatemala to the west, and Honduras to the north and east.
Champagne cola, Kola Champagne, or champagne soda is a sweetened carbonated beverage produced mainly in the tropics of Latin America or India. Kola Champagne was invented in Puerto Rico by Ángel Rivero Méndez.