The Senecas were also highly skilled at warfare, and were considered fierce adversaries. But the Seneca were also renowned for their sophisticated skills at diplomacy and oratory and their willingness to unite with the other original five nations to form the Iroquois Confederacy of Nations.
Among the Historic Indian Tribes occupying or claiming land in Ohio were the Shawnee Tribe, the Chippewa Tribe, the Ojibwa Tribe, the Delaware Tribe, the Wyandot Tribe, the Eel River Tribe, the Kaskaskia Tribe, the Iroquois Tribe, the Miami Tribe, the Munsee Tribe, the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe, the Ottawa Tribe, the
Seneca, self-name Onödowa’ga:’ (“People of the Great Hill”), North American Indians of the Iroquoian linguistic group who lived in what is now western New York state and eastern Ohio.
They were removed to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River in the 1830s. Many Seneca and other Iroquois migrated into Canada during and after the Revolutionary War, where the Crown gave them land in compensation for what was lost in their traditional territories.
Gai’wiio, (Seneca: “Good Message”) also called Longhouse Religion, new religious movement that emerged among the Seneca Indians of the northeastern United States, one of the Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, in the early 19th century.
Seneca is an Iroquoian language spoken by the Seneca people, one of the members of the Iroquois Five (later, Six) Nations confederacy. It is most closely related to the other Five Nations Iroquoian languages, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk (and among those, it is most closely related to Cayuga).
1. The Shawnee Tribe. The Shawnee Tribe was one of the largest tribes in Ohio. It’s believed that the Shawnee were ancestors of the Fort Ancient peoples who were in Ohio before the Iroquois came, tracing back to around the 1600s.
The name Ohio originates from the Iroquois* word for “good river.” This name was later translated by the French as “La Belle Riviere” (the beautiful river).
Did you know the name ” Ohio ” is an Iroquoian Indian word? It came from the Seneca name for the Ohio River, Ohiyo, which means “it is beautiful.” The Senecas were not the original inhabitants of Ohio, however.
The name Seneca is a boy’s name of Latin origin meaning “people of the standing rock”.
The CIR is located along the Cattaraugus Creek, from Gowanda, New York, downstream to the shore of Lake Erie. The CIR is comprised of some 21,618 acres in Cattaraugus, Chautauqua and Erie counties.
The Cayuga Nation is known as “The People of the Great Swamp”. Cayugas are one the original five members of the Haudenosaunee “The People of the Longhouse”. Many goverance principles of the Haudenosaunee were installed into the American form of governance.
The Ohio Seneca came to live along the Sandusky River — along with the Cayuga, the Shawnee, and the Ohio Seneca -Cayuga historically referred to as the “Mingo” — after the American Revolution. The Ohio Seneca relinquished most of their lands in Ohio with the signing of the Treaty of Greenville.
Around where the Iroquois lived, the climate is never too extreme. Instead, it is very distinct; warm in the spring, hot in the summer, cool in the fall, and cold in the winter.
Seneca hunters used bows and arrows; fishermen used spears and fishing poles; and warriors used their bows, arrows, clubs, spears and shields to fight. The other weapons & tools of Seneca Indian people include stone adzes (hand axes for woodworking, flint knives for skinning animals, and wooden hoes for farming.