The Tohono O’odham (/toʊˈhɑːnə ˈɑːtʊm/ or /tɑːˈhoʊnə ˈɑːtəm/) are a Native American people of the Sonoran Desert, residing primarily in the U.S. state of Arizona and the Mexican state of Sonora. Tohono O’odham means “Desert People”.
Religion The Tohono O’odham worshiped Earth Maker (Tcuwut Makai) and Elder Brother (I’itoi, or Se’ehe), the heroes of their creation story, whose sacred home is Baboquivari Peak in southern Arizona. Ceremonies encouraged these spirits to bring the rain that made food possible.
If you’d like to know some easy Tohono O ‘ odham words, “Shap kaij” (sounds a little like shop kite-ch) is a friendly greeting in Tohono O ‘ odham.
The Nation is the second largest reservations in Arizona in both population and geographical size, with a land base of 2.8 million acres and 4,460 square miles, approximately the size of the State of Connecticut. Its four non-contiguous segments total more than 2.8 million acres at an elevation of 2,674 feet.
Tohono O’odham, also called Papago, North American Indians who traditionally inhabited the desert regions of present-day Arizona, U.S., and northern Sonora, Mex. The Tohono O’odham speak a Uto-Aztecan language, a dialectal variant of Piman, and culturally they are similar to the Pima living to the north.
The Hohokam people abandoned most of their settlements during the period between 1350 and 1450. It is thought that the Great Drought (1276–99), combined with a subsequent period of sparse and unpredictable rainfall that persisted until approximately 1450, contributed to this process.
The Tohono O’odham foraged and ate many local plants including mesquite bean pods, cholla fruit, and saguaro fruit. They also hunted for deer, rabbit, and javelina.
Core Values and College Motto T-Wohocudadag – Our Beliefs. At Tohono O’odham Kekel Ha-Maṣcamakuḍ we believe that T-Wohocudadag provides balance, strengthens, and helps us respect ourselves, other people, and cultures. T-Apedag – Our Well-Being. T-Pi:k Elida – Our Deepest Respect. I-We:mta – Working Together.
Ajo was and is a tri-national town. Its residents are Native Americans from the Tohono O’odham tribe; Hispanics mostly from Mexico; and white people, who have lived in Ajo for a long or short time. The tribe changed its name from the Papago to Tohono O’odham in 1986; the name means Desert People.
Originally, Pima people didn’t wear much clothing– men wore only Indian breechcloths and sometimes deerskin leggings, and women wore knee-length skirts. Shirts were not necessary in Pima culture, but the Pimas sometimes wore rabbit-skin robes at night when the weather became cooler.
Desert Diamond Casinos is an Enterprise of the Tohono O’odham Nation, investing into its own tribal enterprises to foster economic development while simultaneously maintaining control over the enterprises’ impacts on the environment, natural resources, and tribal cultural values.
The Desert Diamond Casino, owned and operated by the Tohono O’odham Nation, provides four exciting entertainment venues in Southern Arizona: Desert Diamond Casino (Nogales Highway), Desert Diamond Casino (I-19 & Pima Mine Rd), Golden Ha:san Casino (Why, AZ) and Desert Diamond Casino (West Valley).
Man in the maze, the labyrinth of life The man at the top represents birth (of individual, of family or of tribe). The maze under him represents the changes one goes through during life. With each twist and turn, the man becomes more understanding and stronger as a person.
1848 The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-American War with Mexico ceding most of what is now the modern-day southwest of the United States. 1854 The Gadsden Purchase leads to the current U.S.-Mexico border traversing O’odham lands. 1917 The main Tohono O’odham reservation is established.
Pima, North American Indians who traditionally lived along the Gila and Salt rivers in Arizona, U.S., in what was the core area of the prehistoric Hohokam culture. The Pima, who speak a Uto-Aztecan language and call themselves the “River People,” are usually considered to be the descendants of the Hohokam.