The Cherokee tribe is the second most common, with 285,476 Americans identifying with that group. 2010 Census Data.
The 6 Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy Mohawk. The Mohawk, or Kanien’kehá:ka (“People of the Flint”), were the easternmost people of the early Iroquois Confederacy. Oneida. For most of the historic era, the Oneida lived in a single village near Lake Oneida in north-central New York state. Onondaga. Cayuga. Seneca. Tuscarora.
People have lived in the Americas for thousands of years. Within the U.S., there are 562 Native American tribes. The largest are Navajo, Cherokee and Sioux.
These natives have been known as Indians, American Indians, Native Americans, the native races of North America, and other similar terms. Original records and books about them may be listed or cataloged under any or all of these terms.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
|Tribal group||Total||American Indian/Alaska Native alone|
|American Indian tribes|
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, 78% of whom live outside reservations: California, Arizona and Oklahoma have the largest populations of Native Americans in the United States.
Allen, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income in the country. Extreme poverty rates on the ten largest reservations.
|Reservation||Location||Extreme Poverty Rate|
|Standing Rock Indian Reservation||South Dakota and North Dakota||16.6|
The Hopi Indians are the oldest Native American tribe in the World. Just like the Ancient Egyptians and Ancient Mayans, they trace the roots of their culture back to the lost civilization of Atlantis.
Turtle Island is a name for the Earth or for North America, used by some Indigenous Peoples in the United States and First Nations people and by some Indigenous rights activists.
Total population of reservation, which includes non-Indians, is not given. The Top Ten: Largest Native American Reservations in the U.S.
|1.||Navajo Nation (Ariz.-N.M.-Utah)||169,321|
|2.||Pine Ridge Reservation, (S.D.-Nebr.)||16,906|
|3.||Fort Apache Reservation, (Ariz.)||13,014|
|4.||Gila River Indian Reservation, (Ariz.)||11,251|
The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name. In the United States, Native American has been widely used but is falling out of favor with some groups, and the terms American Indian or indigenous American are preferred by many Native people.
The word Indian came to be used because Christopher Columbus repeatedly expressed the mistaken belief that he had reached the shores of South Asia. Convinced he was correct, Columbus fostered the use of the term Indios (originally, “person from the Indus valley”) to refer to the peoples of the so- called New World.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs uses a blood quantum definition—generally one-fourth Native American blood —and/or tribal membership to recognize an individual as Native American. However, each tribe has its own set of requirements—generally including a blood quantum—for membership (enrollment) of individuals.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.