The seat of government for the Menominee Tribe is located approximately 45 miles northwest of Green Bay, Wisconsin, on the Menominee Indian Reservation, in the Village of Keshena.
The Ojibwe name for the tribe was manoominii, meaning “wild rice people”, as they cultivated wild rice as one of their most important food staples. Historically, the Menominee were known to be a peaceful, friendly and welcoming nation, who had a reputation for getting along with other tribes.
Language: The Algonquian language Menominee (or Menomini ) is today spoken by only a few tribal elders in Wisconsin, though some younger Menominees hope to revive the language.
The size of the reservation is 235,524 acres or approximately 357.96 square miles, and contains roughly 223,500 acres of heavily forested lands, representing the largest single tract of virgin timberland in Wisconsin.
The most important Menominee food was wild rice, which women harvested from their canoes. Menominee men hunted deer and fished for sturgeon and other fish. Menominee Indians also raised squash and beans, gathered nuts and berries, and tapped trees for maple syrup like Wisconsinites do today.
In 1848, the Menominee ceded the last of their Wisconsin land to the U.S. in the Treaty of Lake Poygan, which promised the Menominee a new homeland of 600,000 acres in Minnesota. The 1848 Treaty allowed the Menominee to remain two more years in Wisconsin.
1. Posoh- Hello or Hi!
Before colonization the people lived in permanent villages of dome-shaped houses. Menominee people reckoned kinship through clan membership, and individuals from the same clan were not allowed to marry. The clans, in turn, belonged to one of two major divisions, or moieties, within the tribe.
Wisconsin American Indian Nations and Tribal Communities The following links are to the official websites for each of Wisconsin’s eleven federally recognized American Indian nations and tribal communities.
Among the numerous Algonquian languages are Cree, Ojibwa, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Mi’kmaq (Micmac), Arapaho, and Fox-Sauk- Kickapoo. The term Algonquin (often spelled this way to differentiate it from the family) refers to a dialect of Ojibwa.
The Miami (Miami- Illinois: Myaamiaki) are a Native American nation originally speaking one of the Algonquian languages. Among the peoples known as the Great Lakes tribes, it occupied territory that is now identified as North-central Indiana, southwest Michigan, and western Ohio.
In Wisconsin, English and Spanish are the two most commonly spoken languages.
Wisconsin is home to 11 federally recognized tribes: Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Ho-Chunk Nation, Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin, Oneida Nation, Forest County Potawatomi, Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior