Welcome to our Lumbee vocabulary page! Lumbee, also known as Croatan or Croatoan, is an Algonquian language, related to other languages like Lenape and Ojibwe. We have included twenty basic Lumbee words here, to compare with related American Indian languages.
Lumbee Indians are recognized as the largest-known Native American tribe in North Carolina, the largest tribe east of the Mississippi River and the ninth-largest tribe in the nation. The Lumbee take their name from the Lumber River, which winds its way through Robeson County.
Lumbee is pronounced LUM-bee (“lum” rhymes with “gum,”) and it comes from the Lumber River, which runs through the Lumbee homeland. Many people believe that the river’s name comes from a Carolina Algonquian language, and may have meant “dark water” (umpe meant “water” in the Pamlico dialect.)
The Lumbee are descended from several Carolina tribes, including the Cheraw, who intermarried with whites and free African Americans in the 18th and 19th centuries. Nakai, 38, can trace her family tree back to at least 1900, when her great-grandfather was listed as Indian on the federal census.
The Lumbee Tribe is the largest tribe in North Carolina, the largest tribe east of the Mississippi River and the ninth largest in the nation. The Lumbee take their name from the Lumbee River which winds its way through Robeson County. Pembroke, North Carolina is the economic, cultural and political center of the tribe.
CROATOAN was the sole complete word found on Roanoke Island by John White on 18 Aug. Ethnologists and anthropologists believe that the word ” Croatoan ” may have been a combination of two Algonquian words meaning “talk town” or “council town.” References: David B. Quinn, The Roanoke Voyages, 1584-1590 (2 vols., 1955).
The approximate legal definition for Native Americans or American Indians in the United States is that they are the indigenous peoples in North America within the boundaries of the present-day continental United States, Alaska, and the island state of Hawaii.
These include the Chowanoke, Croatoan, Hatteras, Moratoc, Secotan, Weapemeoc, Machapunga, Pamlico, Coree, Neuse River, Tuscarora, Meherrin, Cherokee, Cape Fear, Catawba, Shakori, Sissipahaw, Sugeree, Waccamaw, Waxhaw, Woccon, Cheraw, Eno, Keyauwee, Occaneechi, Saponi, and Tutelo Indians.
Arlinda Locklear suspects that the name might be English. Legend has it that English settlers, who arrived on Roanoke Island in North Carolina in 1586, fled inland from hostile Indians and settled in what is now Robeson County, N.C., where they mixed with local Indians.
The Lumbee are the descendants of a mix of Siouan-, Algonquian-, and Iroquoian-speaking peoples who, in the 1700s, settled in the swamps along the Lumber River in southeastern North Carolina, intermarrying with whites and with blacks, both free and enslaved.
The State of North Carolina recognizes eight tribes: Eastern Band of Cherokee (tribal reservation in the Mountains) Coharie (Sampson and Harnett counties) Lumbee (Robeson and surrounding counties) Haliwa-Saponi (Halifax and Warren counties) Sappony (Person County) Meherrin (Hertford and surrounding counties)
The ancient name of Locklear finds its origins with the ancient Anglo -Saxon culture of Britain. It comes from a name for a person who was a locksmith. Occupational names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries.
Some of the most prominent surnames that have been claimed as potentially associated with a Melungeon identity include Bowling (Bolin), Bunch, Chavis (Chavez), Collins, Epps, Evans, Fields, Francisco, Gibson, Gill, Goins, Goodman, Minor, Mise, Moore, Mullins, Osborn(e), Phipps, Reeves (Rives, Rieves, Reeves, Reaves),
Historically, most of today’s federally recognized tribes received federal recognition status through treaties, acts of Congress, presidential executive orders or other federal administrative actions, or federal court decisions. By decision of a United States court.
This surname originated in England. It was taken from the workers who farmed Oxen there. Although some argue Lumbee indians may have brought it to North Carolina.