Lagunas traditionally speak the Western variety of Keresan. Most Laguna elders do not speak English.
There are 23 Indian tribes located in New Mexico – nineteen Pueblos, three Apache tribes (the Fort Sill Apache Tribe, the Jicarilla Apache Nation and the Mescalero Apache Tribe ), and the Navajo Nation.
There are 19 Pueblo tribes in New Mexico. Each pueblo is a sovereign nation. Today, Pueblo people are located primarily in New Mexico.
The Pueblo Tribe consists of twenty-one separate Native American groups that lived in the southwestern area of the United States, primarily in Arizona and New Mexico. They get their name from the Spanish who called their towns “pueblos” which means village or little town in Spanish.
1. laguna – a body of water cut off from a larger body by a reef of sand or coral. lagoon, lagune. lake – a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land. liman – a long narrow lagoon near the mouth of a river.
Zuni, also spelled Zuñi, North American Indian tribe of what is now west-central New Mexico, on the Arizona border. The Zuni are a Pueblo Indian group and speak a Penutian language. They are believed to be descendants of the prehistoric Ancestral Pueblo (Anasazi).
Tribes and Bands of New Mexico Apache. Comanche. Keresan. Kiowa. Kiowa Apache. Lipan Apache. Monso. Navajo.
The nineteen Pueblos are comprised of the Pueblos of Acoma, Cochiti, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Nambe, Ohkay Owingeh, Picuris, Pojoaque, Sandia, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Santo Domingo, Taos, Tesuque, Zuni and Zia.
There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of New Mexico. The names of the New Mexico tribes included the Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo.
The Hopi Indians are the oldest Native American tribe in the World. Just like the Ancient Egyptians and Ancient Mayans, they trace the roots of their culture back to the lost civilization of Atlantis.
The descendents of the Ancestral Pueblo comprise the modern Pueblo tribes, including the Hopi, Zuni, Acoma, and Laguna.
They believed in an orderly universe, and thought of “evil” as an imbalance between that orderly universe and the humans. “Good” was the result of positive thinking and actions. The Ancient Anasazi valued nature and the Earth over everything else.
The word “Pueblo” comes from the Spanish word “pueblo,” meaning town or village. The Spaniards found these Indians living in apartment houses, some of them on the side of a cliff in order that they could be reached only by ladders. Whenever they were attacked by Apaches, the Pueblos would pull up the ladders.
The Pueblo Native Americans homes were well suited for the warm dry climate they lived in, because there homes were made of clay and straw baked into hard bricks which kept them from the heat. Since very few plants can be grown in harsh climate, the Pueblos grew corn,squash and beans.
1: one of the deified ancestral spirits believed among the Hopi and other Pueblo Indians to visit the pueblos at intervals. 2: one of the elaborately masked kachina impersonators that dance at agricultural ceremonies. 3: a doll representing a kachina.