The Jumano were known for their tattooed or painted bodies and as successful bison hunters whose original homelands included areas of the southern Plains and northwestern Edwards Plateau that were frequented by bison herds.
Scholars agree that, at a minimum, the Jumanos comprised the nomadic bison -hunting people of the Pecos and Concho River valleys of Texas.
Little is known of the Jumano Indians’ spiritual or religious practices, although the historical record indicates it may have involved hallucinogens, such as peyote, as part of Jumano ritual. In the 1600s, Spanish priests witnessed Jumano catzinas, a kind of ritual dance performed for religious reasons.
The Jumano Indians wore garments made from different animal hides, including moccasins. Women often wore skirts, short-sleeve tunics and aprons. Men typically wore pants and capes. Both men and women would wear cloaks to protect their skin from the cold and the wind.
The Jumano lived in what is now New Mexico and west of the Pecos River in Texas. They were farmers and traders who grew corn, squash, and beans for food. They grew cotton and wove it into blankets and cloth. They were also hunters to supply meat for their people.
The Arapaho, Assiniboine, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Gros Ventre, Kiowa, Plains Apache, Plains Cree, Plains Ojibwe, Sarsi, Shoshone, Sioux, and Tonkawa. and were all nomadic tribes who followed the buffalo herds and lived in tipis.
The Karankawa have been described for centuries as ” cannibals,” now believed by many to be a falsehood initially perpetuated by the Spanish after they failed to convert them to Catholicism at missionary settlements in La Bahía and Refugio.
The Wichita band of Indians was one of several bands that composed the Wichita confederacy. The Wichita called themselves Kitikiti’sh, meaning “raccoon eyes,” because the designs of tattoos around the men’s eyes resembled the eyes of the raccoon.
Jumano are believed to have been farmers, and buffalo hunters, known for their pottery use as well.
Jumanos along the Rio Grande in west Texas grew beans, corn, squash and gathered mesquite beans, screw beans and prickly pear. They consumed buffalo and cultivated crops after settling on the Brazos River, in addition to eating fish, clams, berries, pecans and prickly pear cactus.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
About 30 – 40 lived in each house. Inside the house, the rooms were painted with red, yellow, and white stripes. Although the region was dry, they settled along the Rio Grande and used irrigation to grow corn, squash, beans other vegetables, and possibly ctn order to trade their crops, jewelry or feathers.
The Jumano culture was a farming and hunting culture that maintained a low profile and friendly way of living. They were traders and some the of very first horsemen in the area after the Spanish invasion. It was not unusual to have rituals for the passing of a young girl into womanhood.
Bison, deer, and fish, were staples of the Karankawa diet, but a wide variety of animals and plants contributed to their sustenance. Karankawa Native Americans.
About 1,100 years ago, the Jumano (hoo MAH noh) lived near the Rio Grande, in the Mountains and Basins region of Texas. Historians call them the Pueblo Jumano because they lived in villages. Each Jumano village had its own leader and its own government.