Etowah is a Muskogee word derived from italwa meaning “town”. the historic Muscogee Creek occupied this area, and were later pushed out by the Cherokee.
Home to several thousand Native Americans from 1000 A.D. to 1550 A.D., this 54-acre site protects six earthen mounds, a plaza, village site, borrow pits and defensive ditch. Etowah Mounds is the most intact Mississippian Culture site in the Southeast.
Human remains found there were accompanied by more elaborate grave offerings, including shells, perforated bear teeth and a hammered sheet of copper. Small bundle burials were found in the upper parts of several mounds and may have been placed there in more recent times.
1. The Etowah Indian Mounds were built in the Mississippian cultural (also known as Mound Builders) period prior to the Creek and Cherokee. 2. Sally Hughes, a Cherokee woman, owned a very successful river ferry on the Etowah River between Cartersville and Emerson from 1820 and 1832.
The US government released former Cherokee and Creek (Muscogee) lands for sale and settlement by European Americans in Georgia. Toccoa means “beautiful” in the Cherokee language; it is derived from the Cherokee term for “where the Catawbas lived.” A more substantial bridge was built across the Tugaloo River in 1850.
The Etowah Indian Mounds symbolize a society rich in ritual. Towering over the community, the 63-foot, flat-topped earthen knoll was used as a platform for the home of the priest-chief. In another mound, nobility were buried in elaborate costumes accompanied by items they would need in their after-lives.
… used for religious ceremonies; the Great Temple Mound, measuring 50 feet (15 metres) in height, is the largest mound on the site. Artifacts such as copper and shell ornaments and evidence of more than 100 burials have been uncovered in the Funeral Mound.
NRHP reference No. Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park (formerly Ocmulgee National Monument) in present-day Macon, Georgia, United States preserves traces of over ten millennia of culture from the Native Americans in the Southeastern Woodlands.
What was Mississippian society like in Georgia prior to contact with Europeans? The Mississippians were nomadic and rarely spent more than one season in a given region. The Mississippians made waddle and daub homes and organized them around central plazas.
Mound types Cairn. Chambered cairn. Effigy mound. Kofun (Japanese mounds ) Platform mound. Subglacial mound. Tell (also includes multi-lingual synonyms for mounds in the Near East) Tumulus (barrow) Bank barrow. Bell barrow. Bowl barrow. Chambered long barrow. Kurgan. Long barrow. Oval barrow.
Native American burial grounds are typically identified by bone fragments and ancient artifacts found in the earth in an area where Native Americans may have lived. Burial grounds are sometimes destroyed in the process of modern construction, leading to protests and outrage that goes ignored by some companies.
Through their burial, the deceased provided their descendants with spiritual growth and sustenance as their remains became one with the earth. Any disturbance to the burial site is considered greatly disrespectful and is said to bring suffering to the descendants of the deceased.
The Hitchiti /hiːtʃiːtiː/ hee-chee-tee were a historic indigenous tribe in the Southeast United States. They formerly resided chiefly in a town of the same name on the east bank of the Chattahoochee River, four miles below Chiaha, in western present -day Georgia. Language.