This mostly peaceful group of Southeast American Indian Tribes had roots in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida until they were forced out by other tribes and Europeans. They often referred to themselves as Muskogee or Muscogee. The Creek were known to wear highly decorated and sophisticated clothing.
The Creek religion before the Europeans was mainly Protestantism, which is often used as a general term merely to signify that they are not Roman Catholics. They were a monotheistic tribe, believing in a god they called the One.
Creek men wore breechcloths and leather leggings. Creek women wore wraparound skirts and mantles made of deerskin or woven fiber. Creek men did not originally wear shirts, but both genders wore cloaks in cooler weather. The Creeks also wore moccasins on their feet.
In Creek towns the profits from the trade included cloth, kettles, guns, and rum. These items became integral parts of the culture, easing the labor tasks of Creeks. However, they also created conflict by enriching some, but not all, Indians. The trade also encouraged closer cultural ties between natives and newcomers.
“ Hello ” Hensci/Hesci!
Today, the Muscogee ( Creek ) Nation is located in Oklahoma and has land claims in the Florida panhandle. The Tribal headquarters is located in Okmulgee, Oklahoma, and the tribe has approximately 44,000 tribal members.
Gender: Female. Pronunciation: HOHK-ti; HOHK-tee. Origin: Muscogee. Meaning: Woman.
(Entry 1 of 2) 1: a natural stream of water normally smaller than and often tributary to a river. 2 chiefly British: a small inlet or bay narrower and extending farther inland than a cove. 3 archaic: a narrow or winding passage.
These homes were located in the same village. People simply moved a few feet or so to reach their seasonal home. The Creek tricked other tribes into thinking they had more people in each village than there really were. All the houses, summer and winter, were built around a huge central plaza.
The Muscogee language ( Muskogee, Mvskoke IPA: [ maskókî ] in Muscogee ), also known as Creek, is a Muskogean language spoken by Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole people, primarily in the US states of Oklahoma and Florida. Along with Mikasuki, when it is spoken by the Seminole, it is known as Seminole.
Upon defeat, the Creeks ceded 23,000,000 acres of land (half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia); they were forcibly removed to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) in the 1830s. There with the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole, they constituted one of the Five Civilized Tribes.
The Muskogean languages are a family of languages indigenous to the southeastern United States. Members of the family include Chickasaw, Choctaw, Alabama, Koasati, Apalachee, Hitchiti – Mikasuki, and Muskogee ( Creek ).
Between 1830 and 1850, about 100,000 American Indians living between Michigan, Louisiana, and Florida moved west after the U.S. government coerced treaties or used the U.S. Army against those resisting. Many were treated brutally. An estimated 3,500 Creeks died in Alabama and on their westward journey.
By 1715, their population was down to around 10,000. However as early as 1650, the Creeks were trading with the English. When South Carolina was officially established in 1617, the Creeks made a large profit selling slaves and trading deerskins and other furs.