Tribes of the Great Plains include the Blackfoot, Arapahoe, Cheyenne, Comanche and Crow. Northeast Woodlands – Includes the Iroquois Indians of New York, the Wappani, and the Shawnee. Northwest Coast/Plateau – These Native Americans were known for their houses made of cedar planks as well as their totem poles.
Bad River Band of the Lake Supperior Tribe of Chippewa. Bannock. Delaware. Diegueno. Eastern Band of Cherokee. Eastern Shawnee. Flandreau Santee Sioux. Flathead. Inaja and Cosmit Reservation of Diegueno Indians. Ioni see Hainai. Jackson Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians. Jamestown S’Klallam. Kaibab-Paiute. Kainah see Blood. Maidu. Makah.
The Cherokee tribe is the second most common, with 285,476 Americans identifying with that group. 2010 Census Data.
The 6 Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy Mohawk. The Mohawk, or Kanien’kehá:ka (“People of the Flint”), were the easternmost people of the early Iroquois Confederacy. Oneida. For most of the historic era, the Oneida lived in a single village near Lake Oneida in north-central New York state. Onondaga. Cayuga. Seneca. Tuscarora.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, 78% of whom live outside reservations: California, Arizona and Oklahoma have the largest populations of Native Americans in the United States.
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.
The English word squaw is an ethnic and sexual slur, historically used for Indigenous North American women. Contemporary use of the term, especially by non- Natives, is considered offensive, derogatory, misogynist and racist. The word is not used among Native American, First Nations, Inuit, or Métis peoples.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
The Navaho Indians (the “ Dine,” or “ Navaho People,” in their native language), indigenous to the American Southwest, comprise the largest Native American tribe in the United States today.
They also developed their own writing system. Today three Cherokee tribes are federally recognized: the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians ( UKB ) in Oklahoma, the Cherokee Nation (CN) in Oklahoma, and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians ( EBCI ) in North Carolina.
The past 500 years have seen a myriad of terms used as referents to indigenous Americans, including American Indian, Native American, First Nation, Eskimo, Inuit, and Native Alaskan. Some of these terms are used almost interchangeably, while others indicate relatively specific entities.
Allen, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income in the country. Extreme poverty rates on the ten largest reservations.
|Reservation||Location||Extreme Poverty Rate|
|Standing Rock Indian Reservation||South Dakota and North Dakota||16.6|
The Bureau of Indian Affairs uses a blood quantum definition—generally one-fourth Native American blood —and/or tribal membership to recognize an individual as Native American. However, each tribe has its own set of requirements—generally including a blood quantum—for membership (enrollment) of individuals.
According to an autosomal genetic study from 2012, Native Americans descend from at least three main migrant waves from East Asia. Most of it is traced back to a single ancestral population, called ‘First Americans’.