Traditionally, the Menominee relied on hunted and gathered food resources, but also maintained small gardens of corn, beans, and squash. As mentioned above, they were known for their reliance on wild rice, and also fished intensively, especially for sturgeon.
The Menominee Indians are original residents of Wisconsin and the upper Michigan peninsula. Today most Menominees live on a reservation in Wisconsin.
Wisconsin is home to 11 federally recognized tribes: Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Ho-Chunk Nation, Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin, Oneida Nation, Forest County Potawatomi, Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior
Language: The Algonquian language Menominee (or Menomini ) is today spoken by only a few tribal elders in Wisconsin, though some younger Menominees hope to revive the language.
1. Posoh- Hello or Hi!
The Menominee (/məˈnɑːməˌni/; also spelled Menomini, derived from the Ojibwe language word for “Wild Rice People”; known as Mamaceqtaw, “the people”, in the Menominee language) are a federally recognized nation of Native Americans, with a 353.894 sq mi (916.581 km2) reservation in Wisconsin.
In 1848, the Menominee ceded the last of their Wisconsin land to the U.S. in the Treaty of Lake Poygan, which promised the Menominee a new homeland of 600,000 acres in Minnesota. The 1848 Treaty allowed the Menominee to remain two more years in Wisconsin.
The size of the reservation is 235,524 acres or approximately 357.96 square miles, and contains roughly 223,500 acres of heavily forested lands, representing the largest single tract of virgin timberland in Wisconsin.
The state is one of the nation’s leading dairy producers and is known as “America’s Dairyland”; it is particularly famous for its cheese. The state is also famous for its beer, particularly and historically in Milwaukee.
The area known as Wisconsin was first inhabited by various Native American tribes. The Chippewa, Menominee, Oneida, Potawatomi and Ho Chunk (Winnebago) tribes lived in the area until the late 1800s. The first European explorer to reach Wisconsin was Jean Nicolet.
By this reasoning, Mesconsing / Ouisconsin / Wisconsin meant, “Red Stone River.” Glossaries of Algonquian languages, including Ojibwe and Sauk, confirm that these syllables had the same meanings 300 years ago as they do today.
Wisconsin American Indian Nations and Tribal Communities The following links are to the official websites for each of Wisconsin’s eleven federally recognized American Indian nations and tribal communities.
In Wisconsin, English and Spanish are the two most commonly spoken languages.
Among the numerous Algonquian languages are Cree, Ojibwa, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Mi’kmaq (Micmac), Arapaho, and Fox-Sauk- Kickapoo. The term Algonquin (often spelled this way to differentiate it from the family) refers to a dialect of Ojibwa.