The Karuk Tribe is a historic tribe, and still lives in its ancestral homelands along the middle part of the Klamath River channel – roughly between Weitchpec and Seiad, California. The Karuk Ancestral Territory spans 1,053,600 acres or 1,646 square miles (planar measurement).
The name ” Karuk,” also spelled ” Karok,” means “upriver people”, or “upstream” people, and are called Chum-ne in Tolowa.
Karuk men caught salmon and other fish, and also went hunting for deer and small game. Karuk women gathered acorns and ground them into meal to make bread and soups, as well as collecting berries, nuts, and other plants.
Trade. Aboriginal trade was of minor importance, since most commodities were available locally. But the Karok traded with the downstream Yurok for redwood dugout canoes, for ornamental shells, and for edible seaweed.
As with other tribes of California Indians, the Maidu ate seeds and acorns and hunted elk, deer, bears, rabbits, ducks, and geese; they also fished for salmon, lamprey eel, and other river life.
Yurok, North American Indians who lived in what is now California along the lower Klamath River and the Pacific coast.
The recitation of magical formulas was an important part of traditional Hupa religion. Shamanism was also common; shamans’ fees were paid in dentalium shells or deerskin blankets. Three major dances were held annually for the benefit of the community, as were spring and fall ceremonial feasts.
The Hupa are a tribe located in the northwestern part of California. Other names for the Hupa include: Nabiltse, Natano, and Trinity Indians. The Hoopa Tribe were named after the six-mile long Hoopa Valley located on their land.
Tribes included the Karok, Maidu, Cahuilleno, Mojave, Yokuts, Pomo, Paiute, and Modoc. On the other hand, the mountains that divided the groups made extensive warfare impractical, and the California tribes and clans enjoyed a comparatively peaceful life.