The Pawnee tribe were semi-nomadic hunters and farmers and particularly noted for their interest in astronomy. Unlike most of the Native Indians of the Great Plains, they lived in earth lodges and farmed for most of the year.
The Pawnees were classified as a “ friendly tribe ” by the U.S. Government. They were men and women of great courage and endurance. Some of the Pawnee warrior battles fought to preserve lives, lands and possessions were considered legendary.
Today they are the federally recognized Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, who are headquartered in Pawnee, Oklahoma. Historically, the Pawnee lived in villages of earth lodges with adjacent farmlands near the Loup, Republican, and South Platte rivers.
The Pawnee used buffalo hides for making different types of transportation. They made toboggans by tying buffalo ribs together and they made bullboats, for travel by river, by stretching buffalo hide over willow branches. The tribe lived in earthen lodges near rivers, which were permanent structures.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
: a member of an American Indian people originally of Kansas and Nebraska.
Small animals, as well as birds and fish, were common sources of food. Wild animals of many types provided the hunter with game. Herds of bison wandered the Plains, and their meat, next to corn, formed the main food for the Pawnee. One bison provided enough meat to feed one person for a year.
It was one of the last hostilities between the Pawnee and the Sioux (or Lakota) and the last battle/massacre between Great Plains Indians in North America. Cruel and violent warfare like this had been practiced against the Pawnee by the Lakota Sioux for centuries since the mid-1700s and through the 1840s.
The Jicarilla Apache were just one of six southern Athapascan groups that migrated out of Canada sometime around 1300 to 1500 A.D. Moving their way south, they settled in the southwest where their traditional homeland covered more than 50 million acres across north New Mexico, southern Colorado and western Oklahoma.
Most Pawnee Indians lived in settled villages of round earthen lodges. Pawnee lodges were made from wooden frames covered with packed earth. When the Pawnee tribe went on hunting trips, they used buffalo -hide tipis (or teepees) as temporary shelter, similar to camping tents.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
Kansa men wore breechcloths and leather leggings and buckskin shirts. Like most Native Americans, the Kansas Indians wore moccasins on their feet. Here is a website with pictures of Indian moccasins. In cold weather, they also wore long buffalo-hide robes.
The Pawnee people had no great need to trade with other tribes or with white explorers, but they did occasionally trade with whites for horses and firearms. The Pawnee were highly experienced with anything dealing with bison: they made tents, ropes, containers, blankets, clothing, bows, tools, etc. out of the bison.