The Visigoths were a Germanic people who lived throughout Eastern Europe. On August 27, 410, Visigoths from Eastern Europe ended a three-day sack of the city of Rome, which is now the capital of Italy. This was the first time Rome had been sacked, or defeated and looted, in nearly 800 years.
The Sack of Rome on 24 August 410 AD was undertaken by the Visigoths led by their king, Alaric. At that time, Rome was no longer the capital of the Western Roman Empire, having been replaced in that position first by Mediolanum in 286 and then by Ravenna in 402.
The Visigoths were a tribe of people from the southern part of Scandinavia. They were the first Germanic tribe to settle in the Roman Empire. They assimilated into Rome by adopting native cultural activities.
Following Adrianople, the Visigoths and Romans were both trading partners and warring combatants over the next decade or so. However, under the leadership of Alaric I, the first king of the Visigoths, the tribe initiated a successful invasion of Italy, which included the sacking of Rome in 410.
In 410 C.E., the Visigoths, led by Alaric, breached the walls of Rome and sacked the capital of the Roman Empire. The Visigoths looted, burned, and pillaged their way through the city, leaving a wake of destruction wherever they went. The plundering continued for three days.
But it turns out the Vandals, a Germanic tribe that managed to take over Rome in 455, may not deserve that connotation. The first known written reference to the tribe was in A.D. 77, when Pliny the Elder mentioned “Vandilii.” However, the Vandals’ roots are uncertain, and their early history is contested.
Many of the groups that attacked and invaded the Roman Empire were Germanic tribes from Northern Europe. Goths – One of the most powerful and organized groups of barbarians were the Goths. The Goths were divided into two major branches: the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths.
In the battle, an alliance of Germanic tribes won a major victory over three Roman legions. The Germanic tribes were led by Arminius; the Roman legions by Publius Quinctilius Varus. It was one of the two greatest disasters in Roman military history (the other being at the Battle of Cannae).
The nature of these wars varied through time between Roman conquest, Germanic uprisings and later Germanic invasions in the Roman Empire that started in the late second century BC.
Explanation: Most of the tribes that invaded the WRE (Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Vandals etc.) Were all great migrators that were seeking homes. Seeing how the WRE was reeling and no longer was as powerful as it once was, they decided to settle there which led to their plundering of lots of cities and killing of Romans.
This was the first time in 800 years that the city of Rome had been sacked. In 476 AD, a Germanic barbarian by the name of Odoacer took control of Rome. He became king of Italy and forced the last emperor of Rome, Romulus Augustulus, to give up his crown. Many historians consider this to be the end of the Roman Empire.
The origins of the Germanic peoples are obscure. During the late Bronze Age, they are believed to have inhabited southern Sweden, the Danish peninsula, and northern Germany between the Ems River on the west, the Oder River on the east, and the Harz Mountains on the south.
After the collapse of the Roman empire, ethnic chiefs and kings, ex-Roman governors, generals, war lords, peasant leaders and bandits carved up the former Roman provinces into feudal kingdoms.