The women wore long tunics (dresses) and both sexes wore cloaks of wool, thick and heavy in winter and much lighter in summer. These colourful cloaks would be held together with ornamental brooches.
It is agreed that Boudica was of royal descent. Cassius Dio describes her as tall, with tawny hair hanging down to below her waist, a harsh voice and a piercing glare. He writes that she habitually wore a large golden necklace (perhaps a torc), a colourful tunic, and a thick cloak fastened by a brooch.
The Iceni made a treaty with the Romans at the time of Claudius’s invasion of Britain (ad 43), but they rebelled in 47 when the Romans attempted to disarm them. After quelling the revolt, the Romans controlled the Iceni through a complaisant client king, Prasutagus, until his death (ad 60–61).
Boudicca is known for being a warrior queen of the Iceni people, who lived in what is now East Anglia, England. In 60–61 CE she led the Iceni and other peoples in a revolt against Roman rule. Although her forces massacred some 70,000 Romans and their supporters, they were ultimately defeated.
So, where did the idea about the Picts painting themselves blue originate from? Julius Caesar once noted that the Celts got blue pigment from the woad plant and that they used it to decorate their bodies. It has also been theorized that the real use of woad was perhaps intended to heal the scars after the battle.
For his 1598 play Boudicca, William Shakespeare fictionalised the title character’s daughters with the names Epona and Bonvica. In the play, the sisters accompanied their mother into the battle against the Romans.
We do not know what exactly happened to Boudicca or her daughters. They either died in the final battle with the Romans or they took their own lives. After his death he left his kingdom to the Roman emperor and his daughters to be ruled jointly.
Nineteenth-century European archaeologists divided Celtic cultural material into two periods: Hallstatt (800–500 b.c.) and La Tène (480–15 b.c.). This division was named for two sites containing objects that display distinctive decorative motifs identified with Celtic artisans.
Many Celts wore woven cloaks, and it was a common sight to see gold and silver neck rings, arm adornments, and rings. Brooches holding collars together were another common feature of Celtic outfits.
The Celts were not a people that one day arrived – it was a dominant culture. The original people of Britain were the ancient Britons and they had lived in this island since the last ice age and had adopted various cultures over millennia.
The Iceni (/aɪˈsiːnaɪ/ eye-SEEN-eye, Classical Latin: [ɪˈkeːniː]) or Eceni were a Brittonic tribe of eastern Britain during the Iron Age and early Roman era.
The Picts were a people of northern Scotland who are defined as a “confederation of tribal units whose political motivations derived from a need to ally against common enemies” (McHardy, 176).
When Boudica’s husband,Prasutagus, died, he left his territory to the Romans and to his two daughters. Boudica claimed that the Romans flogged her and raped her daughters. This is what caused her to lead a rebellion. Other tribes in East Anglia joined with the Iceni to fight the Romans.
Roman Withdrawal from Britain in the Fifth Century This Constantine, known as Constantine III, withdrew virtually the whole of the Roman army from Britain around 409, both to fend off the barbarians who had recently entered the Roman Empire, and to fight for control of the western half of the empire.
How did the Celts fight back? When the Romans invaded, the Celtic tribes had to decide whether or not to fight back. If they made peace, they agreed to obey Roman laws and pay taxes. In return, they could keep their kingdoms.