What were Hupa weapons and tools like in the past? Hupa hunters used bows and arrows. Hupa fishermen used spears, nets, and wooden fish traps.
The Hupa had numerous food resources in their territory. They got their meat from deer and elk found in the surrounding forest. Berries and nuts could be taken from many trees and bushes in the forests as well. The Trinity River provided various types of fish such as eel, salmon and sturgeon.
Their traditional houses were made of redwood or cedar. Clothing: The men wore a breechclout of deerskin or of skins of small animals joined together, and leggings to their knees of painted deerskin. Their moccasins were made of deerskin with soles of elk hide.
Hupa houses were built as permanent structures. Hupa men slept in the sweat lodges. These houses were semi subterranean and had roofs made out of cedar panels. The men not only slept there but it is also where they often worked and socialized.
Hupa descendants have since been incorporated into mainly into the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation and another tribes: Hoopa Valley Tribe (Hoopa, Humboldt County, Population 2013: 3,139) ( Hupa, Tsnungwe, Chimalakwe, Chilula, Whilkut)
The recitation of magical formulas was an important part of traditional Hupa religion. Shamanism was also common; shamans’ fees were paid in dentalium shells or deerskin blankets. Three major dances were held annually for the benefit of the community, as were spring and fall ceremonial feasts.
Hupa (native name: Na꞉tinixwe Mixine꞉wheʼ, lit. “language of the Hoopa Valley people”) is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken along the lower course of the Trinity River in Northwestern California by the Hupa (Na꞉tinixwe) and, before European contact, by the Chilula and Whilkut peoples, to the west.
Chilula men were skilled hunters who depended on elk and deer—supplemented with acorns—as their main food source.
They ate plants, seeds, berries, fish and animal meats. They usually crushed acorns. They made acorn bread, acorn soup, and acorn flour. They used acorn flour to make bread and sometimes, they just ate acorn flour.
Freebase. Hupa. Hupa, also spelled Hoopa, is a Native American tribe in northwestern California. Their autonym is Natinixwe, also spelled Natinookwa, meaning “People of the Place Where the Trails Return.”
Yurok, North American Indians who lived in what is now California along the lower Klamath River and the Pacific coast.
The Chumash wanted nothing to do with this, as they felt they would be disrespecting their ancestors and tribal tradition. They started to move their villages away, from the Spanish and found missions that were being built on the coast of California in 1772 and decided to settle there.
Chumash, any of several related North American Indian groups speaking a Hokan language. They originally lived in what are now the California coastlands and adjacent inland areas from Malibu northward to Estero Bay, and on the three northern Channel Islands off Santa Barbara.