The Northwest Pacific Coastal Native Americans did not live in tepees as did the Yakima of Eastern Washington. Instead, they lived in longhouses built of thick cedar planks. These homes were also called plank houses. These early people chopped down and split massive cedar trees using beaver teeth and stone axes.
What kind of houses did the northwest Pacific coastal Indians live in?
Each tribe needed a kind of housing that would fit their lifestyle and their climate. Since North America is such a big continent, different tribes had very different weather to contend with.
In the Northwest region, Native Americans lived in plank houses. These homes were made from long, flat planks of cedar wood attached to a wooden frame. Plank houses were perfect for living in cold climates. They also could fit more then one family.
Plank House made by the Native Americans living on the Pacific Northwest coast. Plank houses were made very large, some as large as 60 by 100 feet. They were made using wooden planks latched to a post and beam frame. to let others know who lived there.
They were made from wooden frames and covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark. Often wigwams were built in a dome or cone shape. Mats covered the floor, and extra mats could be added for warmth. In the Southern Plains, some tribes built homes called grass houses.
The list of different types of Native American homes and shelters included tepees, wigwams, brush shelters, wickiups, chickees (stilt houses), earthen houses, hogans, earth lodges, pit houses, longhouses, adobe houses, pueblos, asi wattle and daub, grass houses, tule lodges, beehive thatched houses, kiich and
Other items made of wood included spoons and ladles, canoe bailers, trinket boxes, chamber pots, masks and rattles used in ceremonies, magnificent memorial or totem poles and interior house posts, housefronts and screens, halibut hooks, and even the triggers of animal traps.
The strong log framework of the Plank House usually consisted of 8 main posts that were peg-joined to 4-6 roof beams. A framework of smaller poles were tied to the wall posts & rafter beams. The wall planks were secured to the upright posts and beams with cedar ropes, or simply slotted or wedged between the poles.
Kwakwaka’wakw clothes were the cedarbark garments common all over the Northwest Coast: capes and hats for protection from rain, robes for cold weather, and women’s aprons. Many garments were decorated with dentalia shells. Colorful nose ornaments were made of abalone shell.
The dwellings of the Northwest Coast Indians were rectilinear structures that were built of timber or planks and, except for those in northwestern California, were usually quite large, as the members of a corporate “house” typically lived together in one building.
Plank houses were built in this region due to its wet springs and winters, when people needed indoor sleeping and working arrangements. Tribes who relied on fishing for their livelihood built plank houses; for example, Pacific Northwestern tribes such as the Chinook, Clatsop, and Yurok built plank houses along rivers.
A plank house is a type of house constructed by indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest, typically using cedar planks.
Homes. The Algonquins and Great Lake tribes lived in villages which usually had eight or nine hundred Indians. In the village the Indians built dome-shaped wigwams which they made from saplings covered with birch, chestnut, oak, or elm. The Indians placed bark and animal hides over the roof of their wigwams.
Overview. Plains Native Americans lived in both sedentary and nomadic communities. They farmed corn, hunted, and gathered, establishing diverse lifestyles and healthy diets.
Woodland and northern peoples’ homes were essentially a framework of poles covered with bark, woven rush mats or caribou skin, called tipis. Plains First Nations’ tipi poles were usually made from long slender pine trees.