The Inca society was a vertical hierarchical organization divided in four social classes. At the top of the stratum was the Sapa Inca, the most powerful person in the empire. At the bottom of the pyramidal social structure was the ayllu which included the majority of the population.
The Inca religion centered on a pantheon of gods that included Inti; a creator god named Viracocha; and Apu Illapu, the rain god. Impressive shrines were built throughout the kingdom, including a massive Sun Temple in Cusco that measured more than 1,200 feet in circumference.
Inca Government The empire was divided in two large areas: Hanan and Urin, north and south respectively. The government was highly organized without the benefits of a writing system. In order to control the population of such a vast territory they created laws that were rigidly enforced.
Most Inca buildings were made of stone, built in a rectangular pattern with a wooden or thatched roof. Multiple structures would share a courtyard, creating an assemblage called a kancha. The Inca also built roads, platforms, and stepped terraces for agriculture on the sides of mountains.
Inca buildings were made out of fieldstones or semi-worked stone blocks and dirt set in mortar; adobe walls were also quite common, usually laid over stone foundations. The most common shape in Inca architecture was the rectangular building without any internal walls and roofed with wooden beams and thatch.
The Incas built messenger stations every couple of miles along the main roads. Chasquis, or messengers, carried the message from one station to the next. They used quipus, or a set of strings, as memory devices. Did the Incas have a system of writing?
1345 and 1521 CE, whereas Inca flourished in ancient Peru between c. Maya builds towering temples and elaborate palaces, Aztec build their capital city Tenochtitlan on an island, while Inca constructed stone temples without using mortars, yet the stone fit together so well that a knife would not fit between the stones.
To solve this problem, the Inca used a system known as terrace farming. They built walls on hillsides and filled them with soil to make terraces. Terraces are wide steps on the side of mountains. Without the terraces, the mountainous landscape would have been too steep for farmers to water, plow, and harvest.
Civilizations like the Olmec, Maya, Aztec and Inca all built pyramids to house their deities, as well as to bury their kings. In many of their great city-states, temple-pyramids formed the center of public life and were the site of holy rituals, including human sacrifice.
Inca buildings The zig-zag fortress of Sacsayhuaman. The most famous Inca architectural heritage is Machu Picchu, it is considered the best example of its architecture. Other ruins include the Fortress of Sasahuaman, Coricancha Temple and Ollantaytambo among others.
Inca architecture is widely known for its fine masonry, which features precisely cut and shaped stones closely fitted without mortar (“dry”). Inca architecture is strongly characterized by its use of the natural environment.
Placed at the convergence of the four main highways and connected to the four districts of the empire, the temple cemented the symbolic importance of religion, uniting the divergent cultural practices that were observed in the vast territory controlled by the Incas.
A Guide To The Main Structures Of Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows.