www.bia.gov/bia/ois/tgs/genealogy Publishes a downloadable Guide to Tracing Your Indian Ancestry. Has a vast online library, Tracing Native American Family Roots. www.ncai.org/tribal-directory Provides the online tribal directory where contact information for specific tribes can be found.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs uses a blood quantum definition—generally one-fourth Native American blood —and/or tribal membership to recognize an individual as Native American. However, each tribe has its own set of requirements—generally including a blood quantum—for membership (enrollment) of individuals.
Using the basic FTDNA autosomal test, you can find out whether or not your genes can be correlated with Indigenous American populations. The autosomal test analyzes a large majority of your DNA, and can find genetic variants that originated in indigenous populations.
How to get started tracing your Native American heritage?
If you have Native American DNA, it will appear in your ethnicity results as the Indigenous Americas region. The AncestryDNA test is not intended to be used as legal proof of Native American ethnicity.
All major ABO blood alleles are found in most populations worldwide, whereas the majority of Native Americans are nearly exclusively in the O group. O allele molecular characterization could aid in elucidating the possible causes of group O predominance in Native American populations.
For people researching the potential of a Native American past, you can:
To determine if you are eligible for membership in a federally recognized tribe, contact the tribe, or tribes, you claim ancestry from. It is the individual tribes who set tribal enrollment requirements.
While 23andMe can reveal genetic evidence of Native American ancestry, it cannot identify specific tribal affiliations. Take a DNA test with 23andMe and get a breakdown of your global ancestry, connect with DNA relatives and more.
Autosomal DNA test. An autosomal DNA test is better for ruling out Native American ancestry than it is for proving it. Your autosomal DNA comes from all of your ancestors and gets mixed with every generation. That means you get half of it from your father and half from your mother.
The Cherokee Nation requires the roll number listed under your family member’s name to recognize your family’s Cherokee heritage. While genetic ancestry testing is becoming more advanced, it is still not widely accepted as a method of confirming Cherokee heritage.