www.bia.gov/bia/ois/tgs/genealogy Publishes a downloadable Guide to Tracing Your Indian Ancestry. Has a vast online library, Tracing Native American Family Roots. www.ncai.org/tribal-directory Provides the online tribal directory where contact information for specific tribes can be found.
Most tribes require a specific percentage of Native “blood,” called blood quantum, in addition to being able to document which tribal member you descend from. Some tribes require as much as 25% Native heritage, and most require at least 1/16th Native heritage, which is one great-great grandparent.
However, it can be said that two commonly found requirements for membership are: 1) lineal descent from someone named on the tribe’s base roll [a “base roll” is a tribe’s original list of members as designated in a tribal constitution or other document specifying enrollment criteria] or 2) lineal descent from a tribal
How to get started tracing your Native American heritage?
A DNA test may be able to tell you whether or not you’re Indian, but it will not be able to tell you what tribe or nation your family comes from, and DNA testing is not accepted by any tribe or nation as proof of Indian ancestry.
Do Indians pay taxes? All Indians are subject to federal income taxes. As sovereign entities, tribal governments have the power to levy taxes on reservation lands. However, whenever a member of an Indian tribe conducts business off the reservation, that person, like everyone else, pays both state and local taxes.
All major ABO blood alleles are found in most populations worldwide, whereas the majority of Native Americans are nearly exclusively in the O group. O allele molecular characterization could aid in elucidating the possible causes of group O predominance in Native American populations.
Currently 23andMe has several features that can reveal genetic evidence of Indigenous American ancestry, although they are not considered a confirmatory test or proof of such ancestry in a legal context.
Autosomal DNA test. An autosomal DNA test is better for ruling out Native American ancestry than it is for proving it. Your autosomal DNA comes from all of your ancestors and gets mixed with every generation. That means you get half of it from your father and half from your mother.
For people researching the potential of a Native American past, you can:
The Cherokee Nation requires the roll number listed under your family member’s name to recognize your family’s Cherokee heritage. While genetic ancestry testing is becoming more advanced, it is still not widely accepted as a method of confirming Cherokee heritage.