The Iroquois lived in longhouses. These were long rectangular buildings made with wood frames and covered with bark. A village would have several longhouses which would often be surrounded by a fence called a palisade. Outside of the palisade would be the fields where the Iroquois would farm crops.
The Iroquois were farming people. Iroquois women did most of the farming, planting crops of corn, beans, and squash and harvesting wild berries and herbs. Iroquois men did most of the hunting, shooting deer and elk and fishing in the rivers.
The Iroquois traditionally lived in buildings called longhouses. They built longhouses by covering a wooden frame with tree bark. Each longhouse was large enough for several families. The Iroquois fought the French and their Indian allies.
They lived along the eastern shores of Lake Erie in New York and Pennsylvania. The Iroquois Confederacy considered them enemies and wiped out the entire tribe. By 1650, the Iroquois began to push their way into the rich Ohio Country between the Great Lakes and the Ohio River.
Iroquois people still exist today. There are approximately 28,000 living in or near reservations in New York State, and approximately 30,000 more in Canada (McCall 28). Iroquois Indians became known for their light foot and fearlessness in bridge constructuion, and helped build the bridge over the St.
Corn provided nearly half of their diet, and along with beans and squash, had to be preserved for the winter. The Iroquois developed technology to be successful at this. Animals were hunted more easily during winter because vegetation died back, and drowsy or hibernating animals were easily found and taken.
The Iroquois made clothes from soft deerskin. The women and men wore leggings, shirts, and moccasins. The women wore a skirt or a dress that covered most of their leggings. In the winter, the men added a smock that went down to their knees for warmth.
There are nine clans, divided into animals from three earth elements: Land, Air & Water. The land creatures are Deer, Wolf and Bear. The water creatures are Turtle, Beaver & Eel. The creatures of the sky are Hawk, Heron & Snipe.
For entertainment, the Iroquois played sports like lacrosse, a stick and ball game, and in the wintertime a game called snow snake.
The Iroquoian languages include Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora (the languages spoken by the People of the Longhouse or Haudenosaunee, and the nations that comprise the Iroquois Confederacy or League of the Five [Six] Nations), Huron-Wyandot, and a few lesser-known languages (e.g., Laurentian and
The Iroquois lived in longhouses, large houses up to 100 feet in length usually made of elm bark. As many as 20 families shared the longhouse, with dozens of individuals and their dogs occupying the space.
Teepees were useful for tribes were moved a lot because they could easily be taken apart. They were usually used by the Iroquois tribes. As their name suggests, they were long—they could be 200 feet long and twenty feet wide.
Fish: Spring was fishing season. The men used huge nets to catch fish. When the brought the catch back, everyone in the village pitched in the help dry the fish over fires. Much of the catch would be dried and then stored.
The Iroquois ate a variety of foods. They grew crops such as corn, beans, and squash. These three main crops were called the “Three Sisters” and were usually grown together. Women generally farmed the fields and cooked the meals.
The Iroquois flag represents the Hiawatha wampum belt, made of four interlocking white squares with an all-white tree in the middle on a purple field. Each object represents one of the original five nations of the Iroquois confederacy, with the Tuscarora joining after the design of the original belt.
The Iroquois believed the world to be full of supernatural creatures, including gods, spirits, and demons. Many religions have a god who is strongest or most important, and in the Iroquois religion that central god was the Great Spirit, also called the ”Great Chief” or ”Great Mystery,” depending on the tribe.