How did the deaths of millions of Indians affect Spain? The deaths created a labor shortage that led to the purchase of African slaves. divided the Atlantic territories between Spain and Portugal. Which Spanish conquistador settled New Mexico in 1598?
Chapter 2 Flashcards | Quizlet
What was a long-term consequence of the catastrophic bubonic plague in Europe? The plague stimulated exploration for new marketplaces. limited the amount of labor Indians had to perform.
Why did the Indians refrain from attacking the English settlers during the first fifteen years of English settlement? They were intimidated by the settlers’ religion. Why did Richard Hakluyt support English colonization? Colonies would provide a place for the unemployed to work.
Spaniards born in the colonies of the New World that today comprises the Hispanic America are called criollos (individuals of wholly European Spanish descent, but born in the New World). Higher offices in Spanish America and the Spanish Philippines were held by peninsulares.
How did a sea route to Asia affect Europe? The route allowed merchants to charge lower prices for imported Eastern goods. Which European power dominated the New World during the 1500s? Spain, because it had the most colonial possessions.
The effects of the Black Death were many and varied. Trade suffered for a time, and wars were temporarily abandoned. Many labourers died, which devastated families through lost means of survival and caused personal suffering; landowners who used labourers as tenant farmers were also affected.
The plague had an important effect on the relationship between the lords who owned much of the land in Europe and the peasants who worked for the lords. As people died, it became harder and harder to find people to plow fields, harvest crops, and produce other goods and services. Peasants began to demand higher wages.
Smith used his charm and persuasion to convince Powhatan that the settlers were peaceful and did not intend to build a permanent settlement at Jamestown. Smith was subsequently returned to Jamestown and gained influence among the colonists. He forced all colonists to work and contribute to the colony as a whole.
Image credit: “English Settlements in America” by OpenStaxCollege, CC BY 4.0. When the Puritans began to arrive in the 1620s and 1630s, local Algonquian peoples viewed them as potential allies in the conflicts already simmering between rival native groups.
Initially, white colonists viewed Native Americans as helpful and friendly. They welcomed the Natives into their settlements, and the colonists willingly engaged in trade with them. They hoped to transform the tribes people into civilized Christians through their daily contacts.
Why did Spain introduce encomienda? Spanish men frequently married Indian women. The Portuguese inaugurated a new phase of plantation labor by staffing the Cape Verde islands with. African slaves.
Españoles were persons of pure Spanish ancestry. Those born in Spain were Peninsular, and those born in the Americas were Criollo/Criolla.
New food and fiber crops were introduced to Eurasia and Africa, improving diets and fomenting trade there. In addition, the Columbian Exchange vastly expanded the scope of production of some popular drugs, bringing the pleasures — and consequences — of coffee, sugar, and tobacco use to many millions of people.
Colonization ruptured many ecosystems, bringing in new organisms while eliminating others. The Europeans brought many diseases with them that decimated Native American populations. Colonists and Native Americans alike looked to new plants as possible medicinal resources.
European rulers from the countries of Portugal, Spain, France, England, and the Netherlands wanted to increase their power by trading silks and spices found in Asia. To achieve their goal, they needed to find a sea route to Asia!! Spanish and Portuguese explorers traveled in two directions.
The impact of Christopher Columbus’s voyages to the Americas was the death of countless indigenous peoples via murder and disease, the introduction of European travel to the Americas, and the displacement and enslavement of indigenous peoples for many years to come.