Yupik, also called Yupiit or Western Eskimo, indigenous Arctic people traditionally residing in Siberia, Saint Lawrence Island and the Diomede Islands in the Bering Sea and Bering Strait, and Alaska. They are culturally related to the Chukchi and the Inuit, or Eastern Eskimo, of Canada and Greenland.
The main dialect is General Central Yup’ik, and the other four dialects are Norton Sound, Hooper Bay-Chevak, Nunivak, and Egegik. Central Alaskan Yup’ik lies geographically and linguistically between Alutiiq and Siberian Yupik.
Religion. The traditional religious beliefs of the Yup’ik people falls into the category of animism, a belief that spirits inhabit everything in nature. Shamans are spiritually gifted practitioners of animism who communicate with these spirits and practice magic. Among the Yup’ik, there are good shamans and bad shamans
1: a member of any of the indigenous Eskimo people of chiefly southwestern Alaska and eastern Siberia.
Some people consider Eskimo offensive, because it is popularly perceived to mean “eaters of raw meat” in Algonquian languages common to people along the Atlantic coast.
In 1977 the Inuit Circumpolar Council voted to replace the word Eskimo with Inuit. In total the ICC is comprised of about 160,000 Inuit people living across Canada, Alaska, Greenland, and Russia. So, yes Eskimos do still exist, but it’s a better idea to call them Inuits instead!
-Click here to view this book on Amazon. Yup’ik Phrases.
|Quyana tailuci!||Koi-on-ah die-lu-chee||Thank you for coming!|
Aleut is a single language with two surviving dialects. Eskimo consists of two divisions: Yupik, spoken in Siberia and southwestern Alaska, and Inuit, spoken in northern Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. Each division includes several dialects.
Four distinct Yupik (or Western Eskimo) languages are spoken along the shores of the Gulf of Alaska, in southwestern Alaska, and on the easternmost tip of Siberia.
” Inuit ” is the plural of “inuk” meaning “person”, and ” Yupik ” is a singular word meaning “real person” based on the root word “yuk” meaning “person”. Yupik without the apostrophe refers to the people of St. Lawrence Island and the nearby coast of Chukotka in Russia.
Inuit (/ˈɪnjuɪt/; Inuktitut: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ‘the people’, singular: Inuk, ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk, ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska (United States).
Aleut, self-names Unangax̂ and Sugpiaq, a native of the Aleutian Islands and the western portion of the Alaska Peninsula of northwestern North America. The name Aleut derives from the Russian; the people refer to themselves as the Unangax̂ and the Sugpiaq.