The Tribe was moved from what is now northeast Iowa, to Minnesota to South Dakota, and finally to their current location in Nebraska where the Winnebago Indian Reservation was established by treaties of 1865 and 1874.
The Menominee, Ojibwe (Chippewa ), Potawatomi, and Ho-Chunk (Winnebago ) peoples are among the original inhabitants of Wisconsin. American Indian people are heterogeneous and their histories differ based on tribal affiliation. These groups have tribal councils, or governments, which provide leadership to the tribe.
The Ho – Chunk, also known as Hoocągra or Winnebago, are a Siouan-speaking Native American people whose historic territory includes parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois.
The Ho – Chunk were involved in the Black Hawk War of 1832 (see Black Hawk), after which most members of the tribe were removed by the U.S. government to Iowa and later to Missouri and to South Dakota. The larger body of Ho – Chunk later moved back to Wisconsin, where, from 1875, they remained.
Travel back and forth between Wisconsin and Nebraska Ho – Chunks was common, and a number of Wisconsin Ho – Chunk living in Nebraska converted to the Peyote Religion (also called the Native American Church). In 1908, they brought this religion to Wisconsin.
If you’d like to know a few easy Ho – chunk words, “haho” (pronounced hah-hoh) is a friendly greeting, and “pinagigi” (pronounced pee-nah-gee-gee) means ‘thank you. ‘ You can also view a picture glossary of Ho – chunk words here. Today Ho – Chunk is an endangered language because most children aren’t learning it anymore.
The Potawatomi continued to ally themselves with the French, as did other tribes from Wisconsin and the Great Lakes region. They fought in many famous battles of the war such as Braddock’s Defeat in Pennsylvania in 1755 and the infamous Massacre of Fort William Henry in New York in 1757.
The area known as Wisconsin was first inhabited by various Native American tribes. The Chippewa, Menominee, Oneida, Potawatomi and Ho Chunk (Winnebago) tribes lived in the area until the late 1800s. The first European explorer to reach Wisconsin was Jean Nicolet.
By this reasoning, Mesconsing / Ouisconsin / Wisconsin meant, “Red Stone River.” Glossaries of Algonquian languages, including Ojibwe and Sauk, confirm that these syllables had the same meanings 300 years ago as they do today.
That’s because there are no craps tables at Ho – Chunk. Servers at Ho – Chunk circulate around the casino with free drinks, as in Vegas, but unlike Vegas, the free drinks are soft.
Wisconsin is home to 11 federally recognized tribes: Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Ho-Chunk Nation, Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin, Oneida Nation, Forest County Potawatomi, Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior
The Ho – Chunk — formerly called the Winnebago — are members of a Siouan-speaking tribe who were established in Wisconsin at the time of French contact in the 1630s. The oral traditions of the tribe, particularly the Thunderbird clan, state that the Ho – Chunk originated at the Red Banks on Green Bay.
The Menominee (/məˈnɑːməˌni/; also spelled Menomini, derived from the Ojibwe language word for “Wild Rice People”; known as Mamaceqtaw, “the people”, in the Menominee language) are a federally recognized nation of Native Americans, with a 353.894 sq mi (916.581 km2) reservation in Wisconsin.
The Ho-Chunk language ( Hoocąk, Hocąk ), also known as Winnebago, is the traditional language of the Ho-Chunk (or Winnebago) nation of Native Americans in the United States. The language is part of the Siouan language family, and is closely related to the languages of the Iowa, Missouri, and Oto.
1a: a Siouan people in eastern Wisconsin south of Green Bay. b: a member of such people. 2: the language of the Winnebago people.