The Pequots didn’t live in tepees. They lived in small round houses called wigwams.
In the 18th century, some Christian Pequots joined members of several other groups to form the Brothertown Indians. They relocated to western New York in the 19th century and later to Wisconsin. The Mashantucket Pequot Tribe was formed in 1975 and received federal recognition in 1983 as a settlement of a land claim.
: a member of an American Indian people of what is now eastern Connecticut.
The Pequot lost half of their fighting men in those two battles, which led directly to the disintegration and defeat of the Pequot tribe as it fled its homeland following the massacre. Engraving from John Underhill’s News from America (1638) depicting the plan of the Pequot fort near Stonington, Connecticut.
The Pequot tribe lived in fortified villages of multi-family residences of longhouses in the winter, that were surrounded by strong palisades (fencing). In the summer when they went on hunting expeditions they built a temporary domed or pyramid shaped shelter called a wigwam or wetu.
At the end, about 700 Pequots had been killed or taken into captivity. Hundreds of prisoners were sold into slavery to colonists in Bermuda or the West Indies; other survivors were dispersed as captives to the victorious tribes.
Sassacus (perhaps the equivalent of Massachuset Sassakusu, ‘he is wild’ (untamed), ‘fierce. ‘ Gerard ). The noted and last chief of the Pequot tribe while yet in their integrity; born near Groton, Conn., about 1560, killed by the Mohawk in New York, June 1637.
The following was the site of the most serious conflict of the Pequot War: a Pequot Fort at Mystic. On May 26, 1637, Captain John Manson and the Connecticut colonies set fire to the Pequot Fort that was located near the Mystic River.
The colonists’ Indian allies joined them in battle and helped defeat the Pequot. A series of battles took place from 1636 to 1659 between New Netherlands settlers in New York and several Indian tribes (Lenape, Susquehannocks, Algonquians, Esopus).
Wigwams are made of wooden frames which are covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark. The frame can be shaped like a dome, like a cone, or like a rectangle with an arched roof. Once the birchbark is in place, ropes or strips of wood are wrapped around the wigwam to hold the bark in place.
The primary cause of the Pequot War was the struggle to control trade. English efforts were to break the Dutch- Pequot control of the fur and wampum trade, while the Pequot attempted to maintain their political and economic dominance in the region.
noun, plural Pe·quots, (especially collectively) Pe·quot. a member of a powerful tribe of Algonquian-speaking Indians of Connecticut that was essentially destroyed in the Pequot War.
During the Pequot War, an allied Puritan and Mohegan force under English Captain John Mason attacks a Pequot village in Connecticut, burning or massacring some 500 Indian women, men, and children.
There were originally many small American Indian tribes in the Connecticut area, including the Mohegan, Pequot, Niantic, Nipmuc, Mattabesic, Schaghticoke, Paugussett, and others.
The Mystic massacre, also known as the Pequot massacre and the Battle of Mystic Fort took place on May 26, 1637 during the Pequot War, when Connecticut colonists under Captain John Mason and their Narragansett and Mohegan allies set fire to the Pequot Fort near the Mystic River.