The ancient Makah lived in villages, inhabiting large longhouses made from western red cedar. These longhouses had cedar -plank walls. The planks could be tilted or removed to provide ventilation or light.
The Makahs lived in coastal villages of rectangular cedar-plank houses with flat roofs. Usually these houses were large (up to 60 feet long) and each one housed several familes from the same clan. Here are some pictures of a Native American house like the ones Makah Indians used.
Nuu-chah-nulth, also called Nootka, North American Indians who live on what are now the southwest coast of Vancouver Island, Can., and on Cape Flattery, the northwest tip of the state of Washington, U.S. The groups on the southeast end of the island were the Nitinat, those on Cape Flattery the Makah.
Why didn’t the Makah tribe farm? They just wanted to play Xbox ALL day, just like Denzel. They had too much food in the forest. They traded with other tribes.
The Makah believe that physical beings would return to the world after death as spirits and would haunt the places they were attached to before their deaths. The Makah have a ritual tradition of burning an individual’s personal possessions after death and throwing them out onto the beach.
Makah acquired much of their food from the ocean. Their diet consisted of whale, seal, fish, and a wide variety of shellfish. They would also hunt deer, elk, and bear from the surrounding forests. Women also gathered a wide variety of nuts, berries and edible plants and roots for their foods.
The western red cedar tree was probably the most beneficial tree to the Makah tribe because they used it for almost everything, including their clothing. The bark was ideal for making clothing because it had moldable properties.
Makah is a southern Wakashan language that was spoken in the northwest of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington state in the USA, along the south side of the Strait of Juan de Fuca. The last fluent native speaker, Ruth E. Claplanhoo, died in 2002, however the Makah tribe are working to revive the language.
Makah hunters used harpoons tipped with mussel shells and bows and arrows. Fishermen used hook and line or wooden fish traps. In war, Makah men fired their bows or fought with spears and war clubs. Makah warriors would wear armor made of hardened elk hide.
The Council develops and passes laws for the Makah Reservation. Tribal census data from 1999 show that the Makah Tribe had 1,214 enrolled members, though only 1,079 live on the reservation.
The Makah are explicitly allowed to hunt whales; the Treaty of Olympia preserves the right of some other tribes to take fish, which a court has ruled includes whales and seals. Over time, tribal leaders say, those rights and privileges have been denied.
in Olden Times for Kids. Whales & Salmon: Just as the Plains people depended upon horses to help them catch buffalo, so did the Northwest Pacific Indians depend upon their cedar canoes to help them catch whales. It took days to kill a whale. At any moment, the whale could overturn the canoes.
The names of the Northwest Coast tribes who lived in the Plank House houses in the southern parts of the region included the Clatsop, Cowlitz, Kathlamet and Wahkiakum. The more northern tribes, who also erected totem poles, included the Tlingit, Haida, Bella Coola, Chinook, Tsimshian and the Coast Salish tribes.
The bounty of the reservation is not limited to the natural resources of the rivers, lakes, tidelands, and ocean areas in Makah territory. Makah forests provide many types of wood for carvers, many species of land animals for hunters, and a wide variety of plants that can be used for food, medicine, or raw materials.
Potlatch, ceremonial distribution of property and gifts to affirm or reaffirm social status, as uniquely institutionalized by the American Indians of the Northwest Pacific coast.