On the basis of these three biblical texts Vilnai (, ) located the city of Ephraim on a hilltop north of Jerusalem, identifying it as the modern village of et-Tayibeh.
Ephraim is often seen as the tribe that embodies the entire Northern Kingdom and the royal house resided in the tribe’s territory (just as Judah is the tribe that embodies the Kingdom of Judah and provided its royal family).
The tribe of Judah was dominant. The northern Israelite kingdom was often metaphorically called Efraim, Menasheh, or Joseph etc, though it included many tribes. The two tribes of Joseph (Efraim and Menashe) were dominant. When that happened the most prominent of the ten tribes was Ephraim, hence the name.
Though Joseph was one of Jacob’s favorite children, his tribe was split into two, perhaps as an etiology, or explanation, of the tribes ‘ existence. The tribe of Joseph itself was symbolized by wheat stalks, a reference to Joseph’s dream and rescue of the Egyptian people from a famine.
Ten Lost Tribes Reuben. Simeon. Levi. Judah. Dan. Naphtali. Gad. Asher.
According to the Biblical narrative, after Jesus had raised Lazarus from the dead, the Pharisees and Chief Priests began plotting to put Jesus to death, so He retired to Ephraim with his disciples.
The tribe was named after one of the younger sons of Joseph, himself a son of Jacob. After the death of Moses, Joshua, an Ephraimite, led the Israelites into the Promised Land and assigned territory to each of the 12 tribes. Members of his tribe settled in the fertile, hilly region of central Palestine.
In the Hebrew Scriptures (Tanakh), the reference of ” Ephraim and Judah” (when employed together) are merely figurative terms used for the two ancient Kingdoms of Israel.
The region of Samaria was assigned to the house of Joseph, that is, to the tribe of Ephraim and to half of the tribe of Manasseh. After the death of King Solomon (10th century), the northern tribes, including those of Samaria, separated from the southern tribes and established the separate kingdom of Israel.
Conquered by the Assyrian King Shalmaneser V, they were exiled to upper Mesopotamia and Medes, today modern Syria and Iraq. The Ten Tribes of Israel have never been seen since.
In Matthew 1:1–6 and Luke 3:31–34 of the New Testament, Jesus is described as a member of the tribe of Judah by lineage.
The author of Jubilees has therefore painted a scene of grandfatherly blessing in which Abraham recognizes Jacob, and not Esau, to be his true heir that is similar to the scene in Genesis 48, in which Jacob recognizes that Ephraim and Manasseh, and not Reuben, will be his true heirs.
Land allotment Reuben. Simeon. Ephraim. Judah. Issachar. Zebulun. Dan. Naphtali.
The Israelites defeated Og, king of Bashan, at his frontier city Edrei (Numbers 21:33 ff.) and assigned his land to half the tribe of Manasseh. From 84 to 81 bc Bashan was ruled by Alexander Jannaeus of Judaea, but the land to the east belonged to the Nabataeans.
() Some of those who consider that the relationship with Elizabeth was on the maternal side, consider that Mary, like Joseph, to whom she was betrothed, was of the royal House of David and so of the Tribe of Judah, and that the genealogy of Jesus presented in Luke 3 from Nathan, third son of David and Bathsheba, is in