The primary staple of the Tlingit diet, salmon was traditionally caught using a variety of methods. The most common was the fishing weir or trap to restrict movement upstream. These traps allowed hunters to easily spear a good amount of fish with little effort.
They ate fish, sea mammals, deer, mountain goats, caribou, moose, shellfish, seaweed, berries, and roots. The men did the hunting, and the women did the gathering. The Tlingit men wore breechcloths, and the women wore short skirts made of cedar bark.
The Tlingits lived in rectangular cedar-plank houses with bark roofs. Usually these houses were large (up to 100 feet long) and each one housed several familes from the same clan (as many as 50 people.)
Northern Tlingit groups reportedly favored clothing made of animal skin, such as deer or seal, but cedar bark clothing offered more protection from frequent rains in Southeast Alaska. Cedar bark skirts/aprons were conical in shape with woven lengths of bark tied at the back of the waistband.
Tlingit ( Łingít ) is the language of coastal Southeastern Alaska from Yakutat south to Ketchikan. The total Tlingit population in Alaska is about 10,000 in 16 communities with about 500 speakers of the language. Common Expressions.
|tsu yéi ikḵwasateen||see you later|
Around 17,000 Tlingit still reside in the state today, mostly in urban and port areas of Southeastern Alaska (with a smaller-but- still -significant population in the Northwest). They continue carrying on their own rich traditions while actively participating in Alaska’s present-day culture and commerce.
Tlingit Religion and Beliefs The Tlingit tribe believed that a creator god,called Kah- shu-goon-yah, made the universe and controls its fundamental features. Raven, a Trickster god, taught the Tlingit people the institutions by which they lived. The jek, or supernatural spirits, are found in almost anything.
Although the name is spelled “ Tlingit ” in English it is actually pronounced [ˈklɪŋ. kɪt], i.e. “Klinkit”. This is due to the spelling and the pronunciation in English having two different approximations of the voiceless lateral fricative [ɬ] spelled as either ł or l in Tlingit.
The Tlingit population numbers 16,771.
In 1802, Chief Katlia of Sitka successfully forced the post to defect. The Russians, however, soon reclaimed the land, much to the resistance of local Tlingit. As the Americans attempted to purge their newly-purchased land in the mid 1800s, one half of the Tlingit population was eradicated by diseases such as smallpox.
Various cultures of indigenous people have continuously occupied the Alaska territory for thousands of years, leading to the Tlingit. Human culture with elements related to the Tlingit originated around 10,000 years ago near the mouths of the Skeena and Nass Rivers.
President – Profile Richard (Chalyee Éesh) Peterson is Tlingit from the Kaagwaantaan clan. He grew up in Kasaan, Alaska and is a life long Alaska Native resident of Southeast Alaska.
Tlingit, northernmost of the Northwest Coast Indians of North America, living on the islands and coastal lands of southern Alaska from Yakutat Bay to Cape Fox. They spoke the Tlingit language, which is related to Athabaskan.
The climate is temperate and humid. The forests are populated with animal life and seas are bountiful as well. The Tlingit Indians survived by fishing, hunting, and gathering.
In some Tlingit legends, animals appear before people in human form and may even marry them and raise families. The bear teaches her the ritual observances for its proper killing, which she brings back to her human community.