They lived in small round dwellings called wikkums, or wigwams. Each Shawnee village also included a larger council house built from wood. Today, the Shawnee only build a wigwam for fun or to connect with their heritage, not for shelter.
Many of the nomadic Shawnee tribe lived in Wigwams, aka wetus or wikkums, which are also known as birchbark houses. This type of temporary shelter was used by Algonquian speaking Native Indian tribes who lived in the woodland regions.
In colonial times they were a semi-migratory Native American nation, primarily inhabiting areas of the Ohio Valley, extending from what became Ohio and Kentucky eastward to West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Western Maryland; south to Alabama and South Carolina; and westward to Indiana and Illinois.
The traditional Shawnee home was a wigwam, not a tepee. These were round houses made of wooden frames covered with birchbark and woven mats. They could be shaped like domes, cones, or rectangles. Traditional Shawnee clothing included skirts and leggings for women, and breechcloths and leggings for men.
Religion – The Shawnee. Like many indian tribes, the Shawnee worshipped the Great Spirit. The Great Spirit had two deities under it. The one referred to as “Grandmother” was in charge of indian affairs.
Government. The headquarters of the Shawnee Tribe is Miami, Oklahoma. Currently, there are about 10,000 enrolled tribal members, with 1,070 of them living within the state of Oklahoma.
The word Shawnee comes from the Algonquian word ‘shawun’ which means southerner. Other interpretations of the word suggest it might mean “those who have silver”. The Iroquois called them the Ontoagannha, which meant People of Unintelligible Speech according to Allan Eckert in his book “That Dark and Bloody River.”
The Shawnee language is a Central Algonquian language spoken in parts of central and northeastern Oklahoma by the Shawnee people. It was originally spoken in Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky and Pennsylvania. It is closely related to other Algonquian languages, such as Mesquakie-Sauk (Sac and Fox) and Kickapoo.
Today, most Shawnees live in Oklahoma, where they were deported by the US government. How is the Shawnee Indian nation organized? There are three Shawnee bands in Oklahoma. Like most Native American tribes, the Shawnee Indian tribes are autonomous.
Shawnee Words ko’tha-father. neegah-mother (nikya-my mother) Nikitakwelemele- I love you. neahw/niyaawe- thank you. hatito-Hello. thétha(?)-brother. Neeme Waapa Nepi Kweewa(?)- my beautiful perfect wife.
1: a member of an American Indian people originally of the central Ohio valley. 2: the Algonquian language of the Shawnee people.
Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people who lived in the central Ohio River valley. Closely related in language and culture to the Fox, Kickapoo, and Sauk, the Shawnee were also influenced by a long association with the Seneca and Delaware.
“Originally there were five clans ‘ composing the Shawnee tribe, including the two principal clans, Tha-we-gi-la and Cha-lah-kaw-tha, from one of which came the national or principal chief.
Wigwams are made of wooden frames which are covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark. The frame can be shaped like a dome, like a cone, or like a rectangle with an arched roof. Once the birchbark is in place, ropes or strips of wood are wrapped around the wigwam to hold the bark in place.