Muslim (mainly Iranian): from the Persian personal name Shahbaz, meaning ‘royal falcon’. The word generally means ‘royal, generous, noble’.
Elijah Muhammad, who led the Nation of Islam from 1934 to 1975, heard Fard teach for the first time in 1931. Elijah Muhammad stated that he and Fard became inseparable between 1931 and 1934, where he felt “jailed almost” due to the amount of time that they spent together with Fard teaching him day and night.
The Tribe of Shabazz (Arabic: قَبِيلَة ٱلشَّبَازّ, romanized: qabīlah ash-shabāzz) was, according to the Nation of Islam, a supposed ancient Black nation that migrated into central Africa, led by a leader named Shabazz. The concept is found primarily in the writings of Wallace Fard Muhammad and Elijah Muhammad.
Thomas Hagan (/ˈheɪɡən/; born March 16, 1941) is a former member of the Nation of Islam and one of the assassins who killed Malcolm X in 1965. For a while he also went by the name Talmadge X Hayer, and his chosen Islamic name is Mujahid Abdul Halim.
In Islam, Allah is the unique, omnipotent and only deity and creator of the universe and is equivalent to God in other Abrahamic religions. According to Islamic belief, Allah is the most common word to represent God, and humble submission to his will, divine ordinances and commandments is the pivot of the Muslim faith.
Muslims believe that the Quran was orally revealed by God to the final prophet, Muhammad, through the archangel Gabriel ( Jibril ), incrementally over a period of some 23 years, beginning in the month of Ramadan, when Muhammad was 40; and concluding in 632, the year of his death.
Muslims also seek guidance from the Hadith, which are writings about the life of the Prophet Muhammad. They were remembered by close followers of the Prophet and were later written down. They teach Muslims how to live their lives, and to understand and follow the teachings of the Qur’an.
The Nation of Islam is estimated to have between 20,000 and 50,000 members, and 130 mosques offering numerous social programs. Upon his death, his son Warith Deen Mohammed succeeded him.
Fard preached that blacks (who were not to be called Negroes) must prepare for an inevitable race war and that Christianity was the religion of slaveowners. Accordingly, he gave his followers Arabic names to replace those that had originated in slavery.
Origin. According to the Torah, the tribe consisted of descendants of Judah, the fourth son of Jacob and of Leah. Some Biblical scholars view this as an etiological myth created in hindsight to explain the tribe’s name and connect it to the other tribes in the Israelite confederation.
Shabazz had different names throughout his life: Malcolm Little, Detroit Red, Satan, Malcolm X, and El – Hajj Malik El – Shabazz. El – Hajj signified the pilgrimage to Mecca, Malik means king in Arabic, and Shabazz was a family last name that identified his wife and children.