All Israel is included in the Jewish people today. “many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun came to Jerusalem” for Passover.
The tribe of Judah was dominant. The northern Israelite kingdom was often metaphorically called Efraim, Menasheh, or Joseph etc, though it included many tribes. The two tribes of Joseph (Efraim and Menashe) were dominant. When that happened the most prominent of the ten tribes was Ephraim, hence the name.
The Book of Genesis related the name ” Ephraim ” to a Hebrew word for “being fruitful”, referring to Joseph’s ability to produce children, specifically while in Egypt (termed by the Torah as the land of his affliction). In classical rabbinical sources, Ephraim is described as being modest and not selfish.
These faces represent the four tribes lead by Reuben, Judah, Ephraim and Dan. Reuben’s symbol was a man, Judah’s symbol was a Lion, Ephraim’s symbol was a Ox, and Dan’s symbol was a Eagle. You will also notice that the Ox is on the left side of the camp which is the West.
Ephraim, one of the 12 tribes of Israel that in biblical times comprised the people of Israel who later became the Jewish people. The tribe was named after one of the younger sons of Joseph, himself a son of Jacob.
Ten Lost Tribes Reuben. Simeon. Levi. Judah. Dan. Naphtali. Gad. Asher.
Ephraim was a member of the Northern Kingdom until the kingdom was conquered by Assyria in c. Ephraim is often seen as the tribe that embodies the entire Northern Kingdom and the royal house resided in the tribe’s territory (just as Judah is the tribe that embodies the Kingdom of Judah and provided its royal family).
The author of Jubilees has therefore painted a scene of grandfatherly blessing in which Abraham recognizes Jacob, and not Esau, to be his true heir that is similar to the scene in Genesis 48, in which Jacob recognizes that Ephraim and Manasseh, and not Reuben, will be his true heirs.
According to the Biblical narrative, after Jesus had raised Lazarus from the dead, the Pharisees and Chief Priests began plotting to put Jesus to death, so He retired to Ephraim with his disciples.
In Matthew 1:1–6 and Luke 3:31–34 of the New Testament, Jesus is described as a member of the tribe of Judah by lineage. Revelation 5:5 also mentions an apocalyptic vision of the Lion of the tribe of Judah.
The Thirteenth Tribe is a 1976 book by Arthur Koestler, in which the author advances the thesis that Ashkenazi Jews are not descended from the historical Israelites of antiquity, but from Khazars, a Turkic people. The Thirteenth Tribe.
|First UK edition|
When Solomon’s successor, Rehoboam, dealt tactlessly with economic complaints of the northern tribes, in about 930 BCE (there are differences of opinion as to the actual year) the Kingdom of Israel and Judah split into two kingdoms: the northern Kingdom of Israel, which included the cities of Shechem and Samaria, and
The Twelve Tribes of Israel.
The tribes encamped around the Tabernacle were: on the East three namely Judah, Issachar and Zebulon, under the Standard of Judah [a lion]; on the south three, namely Reuben, Simeon and Gad, under the banner of Reuben [a man]; on the west three: namely Ephraim, Manasseh and Benjamin, under the standard of Ephraim [an