In the early 1700s Timucua territory was invaded by the Creek Indians and the English. As a result of these incursions, many Timucua died in armed conflict, perished from deprivation, or succumbed to Old World diseases to which they had no immunity.
The Timucua were dark-skinned with black hair. They wore minimal clothing woven from moss or crafted from various animal skins. Much of what we know about early Timucuan culture comes not from the Spanish but from the French.
By the end of the French and Indian war and the acquisition of Florida by Britain in 1763 there were perhaps 125 remaining. This last remnant either migrated with the Spanish colonists to Cuba or were absorbed into the Seminole population. They are now considered an extinct tribe.
The Timucua were a Native American people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia. They were the largest indigenous group in that area and consisted of about 35 chiefdoms, many leading thousands of people. The various groups of Timucua spoke several dialects of the Timucua language.
The Timucua believed in omens, which meant they interpreted random events as having a deeper meaning about the future.
The village was discovered by Spanish explorers led by Alvaro Mexia, in the early 1600s. The explorers wrote that the Timucuan were “giants covered in many tattoos” noting their tall stature and distinctive body markings.
The Timucua hunted bear, deer, wild turkey and alligators for food and clothing. They also ate fish, clams and oysters, and piled the shells into large heaps called middens, which are still here today.
About 500 years ago the native people became known as the Woodland Indians. In North Florida lived two highly organized, farming tribes the Apalachee of the Tallahassee Hills and the Timucuans, located between the Aucilla River and the Atlantic Ocean as far south as Tampa Bay.
The Timucua were known to have more permanent villages than the other tribes. Each family had their own home but the cooking took place in the village and meals were held daily in a central location. They wore clothing made from deerskin and woven cloth. The men wore their hair long with a topknot.
Timucua is a language isolate formerly spoken in northern and central Florida and southern Georgia by the Timucua peoples. Timucua was the primary language used in the area at the time of Spanish colonization in Florida. Timucua language.
Many historians and archaeologists give the word a Spanish pronunciation: tee-moo-kwa. Regardless of pronunciation, if you say the name with respect, you are saying it correctly. WHEN DID THE TIMUCUA LIVE IN FLORIDA?
The Timucua were a Native American people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia. The Spanish came to use the term more broadly for other peoples in the area. Eventually it became the common term for all peoples who spoke what is known as the Timucuan language.
The Calusas didn’t wear much clothing. Just like today, the weather in southwestern Florida was always warm. Calusa men wore only a breechcloth, and Calusa women wore short skirts made of palm leaves. Shirts were not necessary in Calusa culture, and people usually went barefoot.
The Calusa (kah LOOS ah) lived on the sandy shores of the southwest coast of Florida. These Indians controlled most of south Florida. The population of this tribe may have reached as many as 50,000 people.
The Tocobaga Native Americans usually wore very simple clothing made of deerskin. Clothing did not play a big role in their culture. Instead, they preferred to decorate their bodies with tattoos and elaborate hand-crafted jewelry.