The Sac or Sauk are a group of Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands culture group, who lived primarily in the region of what is now Green Bay, Wisconsin, when first encountered by the French in 1667. Their autonym is oθaakiiwaki, and their exonym is Ozaagii(-wag) in Ojibwe.
The resulting unrest led to the Black Hawk War (1832; see Black Hawk), after which the Sauk were forced to relinquish more territory. They moved to Iowa, then Kansas, and finally settled in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) at the end of the 19th century.
The mythology of the Sauk is rich with fables of anthropomorphic beasts and beings. The principal myth is concerned with the god of life, called Nanabozho by cognate tribes, with the flood, and with the restoration of the earth. The Sauk had numerous ceremonies, social and religious. Some of these they still retain.
What food did the Sauk tribe eat? The food of the Sauk Northeast Woodland people were fish and small game including squirrel, deer, elk, raccoon, bear and beaver. The food of the Sauk people who inhabited the Great Plains region was predominantly buffalo but also they also hunted bear, deer and wild turkey.
Mesquakie-Sauk ( Sac and Fox ) Language: Mesquakie-Sauk is an Algonquian language spoken by about 800 Indians, mostly Fox, in the American Midwest. The two dialects, Mesquakie (spoken by the Meskwaki, or Fox) and Sauk (spoken by the Asakiwaki, or Sac), are mutually intelligible.
Black Hawk was born in Saukenuk, Illinois. A member of the ” Sauk ” (present-day Sac & Fox) tribe, he belonged to the Thunder Clan.
Black Hawk was a war chief and leader of the Sauk tribe in the Midwest of the United States. He was known more for being a war leader, a “captain of his actions” than he was a tribal chief. Black Hawk earned his credentials by leading raids and war parties in his youth.
Cherokee, North American Indians of Iroquoian lineage who constituted one of the largest politically integrated tribes at the time of European colonization of the Americas. Their name is derived from a Creek word meaning “people of different speech”; many prefer to be known as Keetoowah or Tsalagi.
The ancestral Sioux most likely lived in the Central Mississippi Valley region and later in Minnesota, for at least two or three thousand years. The ancestors of the Sioux arrived in the northwoods of central Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin from the Central Mississippi River shortly before 800 AD.
: a member of an American Indian people formerly living in what is now Wisconsin.
The Kickapoo Indians originally lived in the Michigan and Ohio area. They fled south and west to get away from British and American aggression, settling briefly in Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin. Eventually the Americans forced some Kickapoos onto Kansas and Oklahoma reservations.
The Fox tribe were farmers, hunter-gatherers and fishermen who made excellent use of their swift, lightweight birchbark canoes. Originally living along the western Great Lakes they extended their lands into Wisconsin and further west where they hunted buffalo.
The misnomer ” Sac and Fox ” is a historical accident, a conflation of ” Sac ” (Sauk), or Thâkîwaki (“people coming forth [from the outlet],” i.e., “from the water”), and ” Fox,” or Meskwâki (“people of the red earth”) misapplied by the U.S. government during treaty negotiations in 1804.
The Sac and Fox Nation (Mesquakie language: Thakiwaki or Sa ki wa ki) is the largest of three federally recognized tribes of Sauk and Meskwaki ( Fox ) Indian peoples. Originally from the Lake Huron and Lake Michigan area, they were forcibly relocated to Oklahoma in the 1870s and are predominantly Sauk.
Black Hawk, born Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak (1767 – October 3, 1838), was a band leader and warrior of the Sauk Native American tribe in what is now the Midwest of the United States. Black Hawk (Sauk leader)
|Other names||Black Sparrow Hawk|
|Occupation||War captain; band leader|
|Known for||Black Hawk War|