The Modocs were known as powerful warriors and often raided the villages of neighbors such as the Shasta and Pit River tribes. At other times, however, they traded peacefully with these tribes.
They are currently divided between Oregon and Oklahoma and are enrolled in either of two federally recognized tribes, the Klamath Tribes in Oregon and the Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma, now known as the Modoc Nation. Modoc people.
|English, formerly Modoc|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Modoc people once lived on both sides of what is now the California-Oregon border, in villages on and near Tule, Lower Klamath, and Clear Lakes.
What language did the Modoc tribe speak? The Modoc tribe spoke in the Plateau Penutian language and shared many cultural traits with their neighbors the Klamath tribe and also the California Native American Indians.
Do you know which American Indian tribes are near you? The Navajo tribe is the most populous, with 308,013 people identifying with the group. The Cherokee tribe is the second most common, with 285,476 Americans identifying with that group.
One of the costliest of the nineteenth-century Indian Wars, the Modoc War officially began on 29 November 1872 because of a misunderstanding between the Modoc Indians and the United States. Settlers, who began moving through Modoc territory as early as 1843, set off conflicts that led eventually to war.
Modoc or Mo·docs. 1. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting an area of the Cascade Range in south-central Oregon and northern California, with present-day populations in south-central Oregon and northeastern Oklahoma. 2. The dialect of Klamath spoken by the Modoc.
The Modoc religion was based on the belief in guardian spirits, who were sought for guidance and help. The Klamath tribe to the north were allies of the Modoc people. There was also a tradition of young Modoc and Klamath coming together in marriage.
Navajo, also spelled Navaho, second most populous of all Native American peoples in the United States, with some 300,000 individuals in the early 21st century, most of them living in New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah.
The tribe was divided into three groups: the Gumbatwas or “people of the west,” the Kokiwas or “people of the far country,” and the Paskanwas or “river people.” The Modoc traded with the Shasta and Achomawi. Their major enemies were the Klamath and the Paiute, with whom they were forced to live.
The Quapaws grew corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, gourds, and tobacco in fields near their villages. Fruits, nuts, seeds, and roots were collected. Deer, bear, and buffalo were hunted, and smaller mammals, wild turkeys, waterfowl, and fish were taken seasonally.
The Navajo were farmers who grew the three main crops that many Native Americans grew: corn, beans, and squash. After the Spanish arrived in the 1600s, the Navajo began to farm sheep and goats as well, with sheep becoming a major source of meat. They also hunted animals for food like deer and rabbits.