The Iroquoi Tribes, also known as the Haudenosuanee, are known for many things. But they are best known for their longhouses. Iroquois society was matrilineal; when a marriage transpired, the family moved into the longhouse of the mother, and family lineage was traced from her.
The peoples who spoke Iroquoian languages occupied a continuous territory around Lakes Ontario, Huron, and Erie in present-day New York state and Pennsylvania (U.S.) and southern Ontario and Quebec (Canada).
Iroquois people still exist today. There are approximately 28,000 living in or near reservations in New York State, and approximately 30,000 more in Canada (McCall 28). Iroquois Indians became known for their light foot and fearlessness in bridge constructuion, and helped build the bridge over the St.
Interesting Iroquois Facts: Iroquois sustained themselves through hunting, gathering, fishing, and farming. Women were responsible for the crops. They managed the growth and harvest of crops, and settlements moved every 10 to 30 years due to soil losing its nutrients.
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.
Food That The Iroquois Ate Iroquois people would mainly eat food that they grew and hunted. They mainly ate squash, corn, and beans. These three were called “The Three Sisters”: the physical and spiritual sustainers of life. They would also prepare and eat tacos and tortillas.
Spirits and the False Face Society The Iroquois were a very spiritual people who believed in the Great Spirit, the creator of all living things. They also believed in a Good Spirit and an Evil Spirit, who were in charge of good things and bad things that happened on the Earth.
The name Iroquois is purely French, and is formed from the [ Iroquoian -language] term Hiro or Hero, which means I have said—with which these Indians close all their addresses, as the Latins did of old with their dixi—and of Koué, which is a cry sometimes of sadness, when it is prolonged, and sometimes of joy, when it is
The fields, orchards, and granaries, as well as the morale, of the Iroquois were destroyed in 1779 when U.S. Maj. Gen. John Sullivan led a retaliatory expedition of 4,000 Americans against them, defeating them near present-day Elmira, New York.
As with many American tribes, the Mohicans ‘ traditional ways of life were disrupted by European settlers, and the tribe was forced to move from its homeland, assigned to a distant reservation. Today, there are about 1,500 Mohicans, with roughly half of them living on a reservation in northeastern Wisconsin.
The Iroquois lived in longhouses. These were long rectangular buildings made with wood frames and covered with bark. A village would have several longhouses which would often be surrounded by a fence called a palisade. Outside of the palisade would be the fields where the Iroquois would farm crops.
Sometimes referred to as the Iroquois Confederacy or Six Nations, the Haudenosaunee originally consisted of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca nations. Just as most Americans today no longer live in log cabins or sod houses, neither do Onondaga people live in their traditional elm longhouses.
In addition to frequent dancing and singing, the Iroquois played sports like lacross and snowsnake. In lacrosse, the Iroquois used a leather ball stuff with fur and wooden nets. Sometimes they competed against other nations, and often had games between clans (Kalman 27).
Weapons that the Iroquois used include tomahawks (a small axe that can be thrown), bows (with string made out of sinew) and arrows (stone), war clubs
The Iroquois people lived in villages of longhouses. A longhouse was a large wood-frame building covered with sheets of elm bark. Iroquois longhouses were up to a hundred feet long, and each one housed an entire clan (as many as 60 people.)