Born in 1788 or 1789, a member of the Lemhi band of the Native American Shoshone tribe, Sacagawea grew up surrounded by the Rocky Mountains in the Salmon River region of what is now Idaho. Did you know? Sacagawea was a highly skilled food gatherer.
The daughter of a Shoshone chief, Sacagawea’s name means “boat puller” or “bird woman” (if spelled as Sakakawea). She was a Shoshone interpreter best known for serving as a member of the Lewis and Clark expedition into the American West — and for being the only woman on the famous excursion.
Sacagawea was born circa 1788 in what is now the state of Idaho. When she was approximately 12 years old, Sacagawea was captured by an enemy tribe, the Hidatsa, and taken from her Lemhi Shoshone people to the Hidatsa villages near present-day Bismarck, North Dakota.
|Born||May 1788 Lemhi River Valley, near present-day Salmon, Idaho|
|Died||December 20, 1812 (aged 24) or April 9, 1884 (aged 95) Kenel, South Dakota or Wyoming|
|Other names||Sakakawea, Sacajawea|
No picture exists of Sacagawea, and none appeared in the school readers published before 1900–hardly a surprise, considering the short shrift usually given the Lewis and Clark Expedition in nineteenth-century histories.
Many generations of Americans believe Sacagawea was a Shoshone captured by the Hidatsa as a child. But it is the Hidatsa who have full accounts of the woman and her life. “She is not a descendant of Sacagawea,” said Sheppard. “We all know that.”
Sacagawea is best known for her association with the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–06). A Shoshone woman, she accompanied the expedition as an interpreter and traveled with them for thousands of miles from St Louis, Missouri, to the Pacific Northwest.
Two of Sacagawea’s most important and expressive quotes are as follows: ‘Everything I do is for my people. ‘ ‘Don’t go around saying the world owes you a living.
While Sacagawea did not speak English, she spoke Shoshone and Hidatsa. Her husband Charbonneau spoke Hidatsa and French. In effect, Sacagawea and Charbonneau would become an intepreter team.
Lewis and Clark Meet the Shoshone. Shoshone men on horseback–the Corps needed their horses! In August 1805 Lewis and Clark were looking for the Shoshone Indians. Sacagawea, a member of the Corps, was Shoshone, but she had been kidnapped by another tribe many years before.
These coins have a copper core clad by manganese brass, giving them a distinctive golden color. The coin features an obverse by Glenna Goodacre.
In April of 1805 the expedition headed out. Sacagawea had given birth to a son that winter named Jean Baptiste. She brought him along, carrying him in a cradleboard tied to her back. He was only two months old.
No, Pocahontas and Sacagawea are not the same person. Pocahontas was the daughter of Chief Powhatan who lived from about 1596 until 1617. Sacagawea was the guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark expedition. She lived from 1788 until 1812.