The Shawnee Indians ate a wide variety of food. The men hunted and the women farmed the land. The animals they hunted were deer, turkeys, squirrels, other small animals, and fish. The main crops the Shawnee grew were corn, squash, and beans.
Other important ceremonies included the spring Bread Dance, held when the fields were planted; the Green Corn Dance, marking the ripening of crops; and the autumn Bread Dance. The Shawnee comprised five major divisions, each further organized through a number of patrilineal clans.
In colonial times they were a semi-migratory Native American nation, primarily inhabiting areas of the Ohio Valley, extending from what became Ohio and Kentucky eastward to West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Western Maryland; south to Alabama and South Carolina; and westward to Indiana and Illinois.
The Shawnee are an Algonquian-speaking Native American tribe whose original origins are unclear. But, by 1600, they were living in the Ohio River Valley in the states of Ohio, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Indiana.
The word Shawnee comes from the Algonquian word ‘shawun’ which means southerner. Other interpretations of the word suggest it might mean “those who have silver”. The Iroquois called them the Ontoagannha, which meant People of Unintelligible Speech according to Allan Eckert in his book “That Dark and Bloody River.”
1: a member of an American Indian people originally of the central Ohio valley. 2: the Algonquian language of the Shawnee people.
Shawnee hunters and warriors used bows and arrows, stone tomahawks, and spears. Shawnee fisherman used spears and nets. What are Shawnee art and crafts like? The Shawnee tribe is known for their Indian pottery and wood carving.
The Shawnee language is a Central Algonquian language spoken in parts of central and northeastern Oklahoma by the Shawnee people. It was originally spoken in Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky and Pennsylvania. It is closely related to other Algonquian languages, such as Mesquakie-Sauk (Sac and Fox) and Kickapoo.
In the growing season they settled in rather large villages where they raised crops of corn, squash, and beans. The tribe carried on extensive trade in animal skins and salt; production of the latter was a major industry for the Shawnees, who extracted the mineral from the many salt springs in Kentucky.
Government. The headquarters of the Shawnee Tribe is Miami, Oklahoma. Currently, there are about 10,000 enrolled tribal members, with 1,070 of them living within the state of Oklahoma.
Tecumseh’s death at the Battle of Thames in 1813 marked the end of any united American Indian front. The Treaty of Ft. Meigs (1817) effectively ceded all Shawnee lands to the federal government, and placed the Shawnee on three reservations in present-day Ohio: Hog Creek, Lewistown, and near Wapakaneta (Wapaughkoneta).
“Originally there were five clans ‘ composing the Shawnee tribe, including the two principal clans, Tha-we-gi-la and Cha-lah-kaw-tha, from one of which came the national or principal chief.
Shawnee Words ko’tha-father. neegah-mother (nikya-my mother) Nikitakwelemele- I love you. neahw/niyaawe- thank you. hatito-Hello. thétha(?)-brother. Neeme Waapa Nepi Kweewa(?)- my beautiful perfect wife.