Onondaga boy Onondaga men wore breechcloths with leggings. Here is a website with more information about the Iroquois breechcloth. Onondaga women wore wraparound skirts with shorter leggings. Men did not originally wear shirts in Onondaga culture, but women often wore a long tunic called an overdress.
Iroquois clothing was made from tanned deerskin. The men wore leggings and long breechcloths while the women wore long skirts. Both men and women wore deerskin shirts or blouses and soft shoes made of leather called moccasins.
Gustoweh (ga-STOH-weh) The gustoweh is a fitted hat that is decorated with hawk, pheasant or turkey feathers.
The Onondaga were known as the Central Fire-Keepers of the Confederacy. The Onondaga were known as the guardians or watch keepers of the league. They were keepers of the law in order to preserve traditions and institutions. The culture hero Hyenwatha was an Onondaga Indian.
You can hear Onondaga being spoken here. If you’d like to know a few easy Onondaga words, “sge:no” (pronounced similar to sgay-no) is a friendly greeting, and “nya:weh” (pronounced similar to nyah-wenh) means ‘thank you.
Like other member-nations of the Haudenosaunee, the Onondaga Nation survives today as a sovereign, independent nation, living on a portion of its ancestral territory and maintaining its own distinct laws, language, customs, and culture.
Spirits and the False Face Society The Iroquois were a very spiritual people who believed in the Great Spirit, the creator of all living things. They also believed in a Good Spirit and an Evil Spirit, who were in charge of good things and bad things that happened on the Earth.
The combination of guns and the cultural divide that resulted from the split of the Iroquois between the colonists and the British during the Revolutionary War brought down the Iroquois Confederacy.
Iroquois, any member of the North American Indian tribes speaking a language of the Iroquoian family—notably the Cayuga, Cherokee, Huron, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, and Tuscarora.
Onondaga Nation Council Tadodaho is a chief still sitting at Onondaga. Hiawatha, is still a chief among the Mohawk nation (he was adopted by the Mohawks to help form the first councils there). Each chief works with his Clan Mother and their clan. In council they are the voice of the people.
The five tribes of the Five Nations of the Iroquois were the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga and Seneca. These tribes were spread over the northeastern region of North America in what is now upstate New York and lower Canada. The Tuscarora tribe joined in 1722, after European colonization had begun.
Onondaga Indian Language. Onondaga is an Iroquoian language of the Northeast Woodlands. Only about fifty Onondaga elders still speak the language fluently, most in Canada; but on both sides of the border there are young people working to keep their ancestral language alive.