The Ohlone, formerly known as Costanoans (from Spanish costeño meaning “coast dweller”), are a Native American people of the Northern California coast.
They survived by hunting, fishing, and gathering acorns and seeds. They lived in round houses made of a framework of poles covered with grass, tule reeds, or ferns. They traveled the water in boats made of balsa wood or on rafts of tules. Their clothing was scant, with the men going naked.
The Tribe Today Tragically, the Ohlone people were nearly wiped out from disease, warfare and colonization from European immigrants. In the 20th century the tribes finally rallied against the federal government and struggled for years to gain basic recognition.
Ohlone is a loose term used to name the dozens of indigenous groups, with distinct dialects, that have lived and given to this land before European invasion. In the early 20th century, over 425 shellmounds were identified in the early twentieth century throughout the Bay Area.
CCA campuses are located in Huichin and Yelamu, also known as Oakland and San Francisco, on the unceded territories of Chochenyo and Ramaytush Ohlone peoples.
The plants I chose included: White Sage Page 11 7 (Salvia apiana), Soap root (Chlorogalum pomeridianum), Yerba Buena (Satureja douglasii), California Wild Rose (Rosa californica), Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica), Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), and Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana).
The Ohlone people of the California Central Coast and the San Francisco Bay Area spoke eight different languages at the time of Spanish contact: Karkin, Chochenyo, Tamien, Mutsun, Chalon, Rumsien, Awaswas, and Ramaytush.
The present-day Muwekma Ohlone Tribe is comprised of all of the known surviving American Indian lineages aboriginal to the San Francisco Bay region who trace their ancestry through the Missions Dolores, Santa Clara, and San Jose; and who were also members of the historic Federally Recognized Verona Band of Alameda
However, according to Chairwoman Charlene Nijmeh (Muwekma Ohlone ), even with documentation, approximately 800 enrolled members and the fact that their tribe was never officially terminated, they are not recognized by the federal government. The tribe’s undetermined status is challenging.
The Ohlone ate them all: insects, reptiles, rodents, birds, fish, and larger game animals of all kinds. Things that seem to be repulsive to today’s modern pallet, such as grasshoppers and yellow jacket grubs, were enjoyable additions to the native diet.
Serving almost 16,000 students per year, the District has a main campus in the City of Fremont, campus in the City of Newark, and online. Ohlone College is pronounced “oh loh nee kol ij” (audio below): Your browser does not support the <audio> element.
These tribes were located all over northern California: San Francisco, Santa Clara Valley, Santa Cruz, Monterey Bay, and the East Bay.
Do your homework. The Indigenous people to whom the land belongs. The history of the land and any related treaties. Names of living Indigenous people from these communities. Indigenous place names and language. Correct pronunciation for the names of the Tribes, places, and individuals that you’re including.
The Ethnic Studies Library recognizes that UC Berkeley sits on the territory of xučyun (Huichin), the ancestral and unceded land of the Chochenyo speaking Ohlone people, the successors of the sovereign Verona Band of Alameda County.