Oglala is a Lakota word meaning “to scatter one’s own.” The Oglala Lakota Nation is one of the seven bands of the Titowan (Lakota) division of the Great Sioux Nation. They are a proud people with a rich history and culture.
The Sioux lived in the northern Great Plains in lands that are today the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. Tribes travelled all over the plains, however, and sometimes ended up in other states for periods of time.
Oglala Lakota County, contained entirely within the boundaries of the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income ($8,768) in the country, and ranks as the “poorest” county in the nation. Oglala Lakota County ranked last in the state of South Dakota for quality of life and health behaviors.
The Oglala Sioux Tribe (Lakota) is the largest Tribe in South Dakota, with approximately 46,000 enrolled members. The Pine Ridge Reservation, home to the Oglala Sioux Tribe, is located in southwestern South Dakota and borders Nebraska.
There are seven federally recognized Lakota tribes; six in the United States and one in Canada. The constitutions of four of these tribes were ratified in 1935 and one (SRST) was ratified in 1959, thereby officially establishing them as federally recognized political entities.
Crazy Horse, Sioux name Ta-sunko-witko, (born 1842?, near present-day Rapid City, South Dakota, U.S.—died September 5, 1877, Fort Robinson, Nebraska), a chief of the Oglala band of Lakota ( Teton or Western Sioux ) who was an able tactician and a determined warrior in the Sioux resistance to European Americans’ invasion
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
Subdivisions Lakota (also known as Lakȟóta, Thítȟuŋwaŋ, Teton, and Teton Sioux ) Northern Lakota (Húŋkpapȟa, Sihásapa) Western Dakota (also known as Yankton – Yanktonai or Dakȟóta, and erroneously classified, for a very long time, as ” Nakota “) Yankton (Iháŋktȟuŋwaŋ) Eastern Dakota (also known as Santee -Sisseton or Dakhóta)
The Teton, also referred to as the Western Sioux, spoke Lakota and had seven divisions—the Sihasapa, or Blackfoot; Brulé (Upper and Lower); Hunkpapa; Miniconjou; Oglala; Sans Arcs; and Oohenonpa, or Two-Kettle.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
The Eastern tribes smoked tobacco. Out West, the tribes smoked kinnikinnick—tobacco mixed with herbs, barks and plant matter. Marshall Trimble is Arizona’s official historian and vice president of the Wild West History Association.
It’s estimated that the Shakopee Mdewakanton tribe – the owners of Mystic Lake Casino Hotel and Little Six Casino – bring in more that $1 billion each year in revenue. With fewer than 500 members in the tribe, once dispersed, each member earns approximately $1.08 million annually.
There are about 150,000 Sioux.
There are eight federally recognized Indian tribes in South Dakota today. Cheyenne River Sioux Tribal Council: P.O. Box 590. Crow Creek Sioux Tribe: P.O. Box 50. Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe: Lower Brule Sioux Tribe: Oglala Sioux Tribe: Rosebud Sioux Tribe: Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe: Yankton Sioux:
Today, the Sioux maintain many separate tribal governments scattered across several reservations, communities, and reserves in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, and Montana in the United States; and Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan, and Alberta in Canada.