Their climate was bountiful so food was plentiful. The Kwakiutl ate fish (mostly salmon), bear, caribou, deer, elk, moose, clams, berries, seal, sea lions, whales, and other assorted sea critters. Kwakiutl art was totem poles and copper jewelry.
Much of their food came from the forests and rivers. Trees were a major resource for the Kwakiutl. The Kwakiutl hunted in both the rivers and the forests. They ate beaver, deer, rabbit, and fish.
The Kwakiutl made clothing from the bark of trees. They also made rain capes and coats from animal skins. From the abundant forests of cedar and redwood trees, the Kwakiutl built houses called plank houses, or clan houses.
Masks are highly valued by the Kwakiutl, serving as potent manifestations of ancestral spirits and supernatural beings and offering these supernatural entities temporary embodiment and communication through dance and other kinds of performance (Greenville 1998: 14).
Their name for themselves means “those who speak Kwakwala.” Although the name Kwakiutl is often applied to all the peoples of that group, it is the name of only one band of Kwakwaka’wakw.
The Kwakwa̱ka̱ʼwakw (IPA: [ˈkʷakʷəkʲəʔwakʷ]), also known as the Kwakiutl (/ˈkwɑːkjʊtəl/; “Kwakʼwala-speaking peoples”) are Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Their current population, according to a 2016 census, is 3,665.
The Kwakiutls lived in coastal villages of rectangular cedar-plank houses with bark roofs. Usually these houses were large (up to 100 feet long) and each one housed several familes from the same clan ( as many as 50 people.)
The fish American Indians caught, wild animals they hunted, and crops they grew were examples of natural resources. People who fished, made clothing, and hunted animals were examples of human resources. The canoes, bows, and spears American Indians made were examples of capital resources.
They travel on water and land for land they walk and ride horses for water they use canoes made out of cedar logs. They use canoes to go on water to go fishing,trading,hunting,and warfare.
Women would make short skirts for themselves out of cedar bark, while Kwakiutl men usually wore nothing at all, though some would wear loincloths. In the winter, both men and women layered up–they would wear moccasins on their feet and long shirts and cloaks made of bark and deer skin.
The Kwakiutl lived in what is now British Columbia and Northeast Vancouver Island. The climate in British Columbia at the time was very humid with rain and mild. The land was covered with evergreen cedar forests and hills, making wildlife plentiful in the area.
The Kwakiutl lived in coastal villages lying close to the shoreline. Each of their rectangular house had a totem pole on the front, a heavy timber frame and were made of cedar planks, and roofs were made of wood bark.
Kwakiutl artists are known for their fine basketry and woodcarving arts, including wooden masks and totem carvings.
The Kwakwaka ‘ wakw peoples are traditional inhabitants of the coastal areas of northeastern Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia. The name Kwakwaka ‘ wakw means those who speak Kwak’wala, which itself includes five dialects. (See also Northwest Coast Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)
Kwakiutl artists are known for their fine Native American basket and woodcarving arts, including wooden mask and totem pole carvings.