Facts about the Jumano They were a peaceful tribe and covered themselves with tatoos. These Jumanos were nomadic, and wandered along what is known today as the Colorado, the Rio Grande, and the Concho rivers. The Jumanos were good hunters. They hunted wild buffalo.
The Jumano were known for their tattooed or painted bodies and as successful bison hunters whose original homelands included areas of the southern Plains and northwestern Edwards Plateau that were frequented by bison herds.
Jumanos along the Rio Grande in west Texas grew beans, corn, squash and gathered mesquite beans, screw beans and prickly pear. They consumed buffalo and cultivated crops after settling on the Brazos River, in addition to eating fish, clams, berries, pecans and prickly pear cactus.
Scholars agree that, at a minimum, the Jumanos comprised the nomadic bison -hunting people of the Pecos and Concho River valleys of Texas.
The Jumanos hunted with bow and arrow. Spaniards remarked on the strength of their “Turkish” bows (reinforced with sinew). In war, they used clubs, or cudgels, of hardwood. Jumano traders supplied arrows, and perhaps bows as well, from La Junta to the Indians of central and eastern Texas.
The Plains Jumano probably lived in tee -pees like the other nomadic Southern Plains tribes did. Likewise, what did the jumanos do for fun? The Jumanos were buffalo hunters and traders, and played an active role as middlemen between the Spanish colonies and various Indian tribes.
Jumano are believed to have been farmers, and buffalo hunters, known for their pottery use as well.
The Arapaho, Assiniboine, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Gros Ventre, Kiowa, Plains Apache, Plains Cree, Plains Ojibwe, Sarsi, Shoshone, Sioux, and Tonkawa. and were all nomadic tribes who followed the buffalo herds and lived in tipis.
The Jumano lived in what is now New Mexico and west of the Pecos River in Texas. They were farmers and traders who grew corn, squash, and beans for food. They grew cotton and wove it into blankets and cloth. They were also hunters to supply meat for their people.
Specialties Barbecue meats and sausage at a restaurant in Texas. Fried sopapillas pastries. Texan peanut butter pie. Chicken fried steak with cream gravy served at a restaurant in Austin, Texas. Traditional beef tripe stew called menudo.
Coahuiltecans hunted for deer and buffalo. They used bows and arrows to hunt. They ate raw food. Many women sewed clothes and rag rugs. The Coahuiltecans were neighbors to the karankawas. They lived 50 miles east of the Gulf of Mexico. They used the Japanese cutlass as one of their weapons during war.
According to some sources, the Karankawa practiced ritual cannibalism, in common with other Gulf coastal tribes of present-day Texas and Louisiana. The Karankawa people were shocked at the Spanish cannibalism, which they found to be repugnant.
The Wichita band of Indians was one of several bands that composed the Wichita confederacy. The Wichita called themselves Kitikiti’sh, meaning “raccoon eyes,” because the designs of tattoos around the men’s eyes resembled the eyes of the raccoon.
About 30 – 40 lived in each house. Inside the house, the rooms were painted with red, yellow, and white stripes. Although the region was dry, they settled along the Rio Grande and used irrigation to grow corn, squash, beans other vegetables, and possibly ctn order to trade their crops, jewelry or feathers.