The shift from country food to expensive, store-bought, and often unhealthy food items has had negative effects on Inuit health and cultural identity. Climate change can make this problem even worse. Food storage is also affected by warmer temperatures and thawing permafrost.
The Inuit needed thick and warm clothing to survive the cold weather. They used animal skins and furs to stay warm. They made shirts, pants, boots, hats, and big jackets called anoraks from caribou and seal skin. They would line their clothes with furs from animals like polar bears, rabbits, and foxes.
Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
Inuit are Indigenous Peoples living in the Arctic regions of Canada, Greenland, Alaska, and Russia. Inuit have lived and thrived in the Arctic for thousands of years. The word Inuit (singular Inuk) means “the people” in the Inuktitut language.
While igloos are no longer the common type of housing used by the Inuit, they remain culturally significant in Arctic communities. Igloos also retain practical value: some hunters and those seeking emergency shelter still use them. (See also Architectural History of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)
For centuries, the Inuit have lived out in the roughest environments. They know the weather patterns that allow them to travel safely on the sea ice for their hunting expeditions. Throughout Greenland, Inuit hunters say the weather is increasingly unpredictable. They report that the land and the sea ice are changing.
indigenous peoples across the globe created fire by friction– drills, bow drills, fireboards, and so on. However, the Inuit lived far above the treeline in the Canadian Arctic. They were still able to heat their dwellings by using soapstone dishes filled with seal blubber (kudliks).
This makes the Inuit population an exception of the latitude-correlated distribution of skin color. One possible reason is that the dark skin could protect the Inuits from the severe UV exposure because of the long daylight hours in winter and high levels of UV reflection from the snow.
Although most Inuit people today live in the same community year-round, and live in homes built of other construction materials that have to be imported, in the past Inuit would migrate between a summer and winter camp which was shared by several families.
Inuit is the contemporary term for ” Eskimo “. First Nation is the contemporary term for “Indian”. Inuit are “Aboriginal” or ” First Peoples “, but are not ” First Nations “, because ” First Nations ” are Indians. Inuit are not Indians.
In fact, in some northern cultures this is only done between mothers and children. So the mental image we might have had of the “ Eskimo kiss ” was misleading. Some Alaskan indigenous people accept the term Eskimo. Other peoples consider it offensive, because it was a label applied by Europeans and others.
It’s a term that has been out of date since 1980 when the name “ Inuit ” (meaning “people” in Inuktitut) was recognized by the Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) to denote Inuit groups across the circumpolar region (Canada, Greenland, USA, and Russia). Today, “ Eskimo ” is considered a pejorative term.
Among the problems the Inuit face is permafrost melting, which has destroyed the foundations of houses, eroded the seashore and forced people to move inland. Airport runways, roads and harbours are also collapsing.
” Inuit ” is now the current term in Alaska and across the Arctic, and ” Eskimo ” is fading from use. ” Inuit ” is often used to encompass all Inuit and Yupik people, although I often speak of ” Inuit and Yupik people” or “ Inuit and Yupik languages”.
To survive this cold weather the Inuit tribe needed to wear warm clothing. Also to survive the freezing cold of the Arctic winter, they had to have a warm shelter. The Inuit used a shelter called an igloo. An igloo is a round looking house made of ice blocks and snow.